Large mafic magmatic event references

Printer-friendly versionPrinter-friendly versionSend to friendSend to friend

A-B-C

D-E-F

G-H-I

J-K-L

M-N-O

P-Q-R

S-T-U

V-W-X-Y-Z


A-B-C

Abbott, G., 1997, Geology of the Upper Hart river area, eastern Ogilvie mountains, Yukon Territory (116A/10, 116A/11), : Yukon, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, Exploration and Geological Services Division, Bulletin 9, 92 p.

Abbott, S.A., Sweet, I.P., Plumb, K.A., Young, D., Cutovinos, A., and Ferenczi, P., 2000, Urapunga and Roper River, Northern Territory, sheet SD/53-10, 11 (second edition): Northern Territory Geological Survey and Australian Geological Survey Organisation (National Geoscience Mapping Accord), 1:250 000 Geological Series Explanatory Notes.

Abouchami, W., Boher, M., Michard, A., and Albarede, F., 1990, A major 2.1 Ga event of mafic magmatism in West Africa: An early stage of crustal accretion: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 95, p. 17605-17629.

Abrahamsen, N., and Van der Voo, R., 1987, Palaeomagnetism of middle Proterozoic 

(c. 1.25 Ga) dykes from central North Greenland: Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 91, p. 597-611.

Åhäll, K.-I., and Connelly, J., 1998, Intermittent 1.53 - 1.13 Ga magmatism in western Baltica: Age constraints and correlations within a postulated supercontinent: Precambrian Research, v. 92, p. 1-20.

Ahmad, T., and Tarney, J., 1991, Geochemistry and petrogenesis of Garhwal volcanics: Implications for evolution of the north Indian lithosphere: Precambrian Research, v. 50, p. 69-88.

Ahmat, A.L., and Ruddock, I., 1990, Windimurra and Narndee layered complexes, in Geology and mineral resources of Western Australia: Geological Survey of Western Australia Memoir 3, p. 119-126.

Aifa, T., Lefort, Y.-P., Ouddane, M., and Calza, F., 1993, Mise en évidence d'antiformes générées en régime extensif sur la marge orientale du craton ouest-africain (région des Eglab): Arguments paléomagnétiques et gravimétriques: Bulletin du Service Géologique de l'Algérie, v. 4, p. 121-136.

Ait-Hamou, F., Maza, M., Dautria, J.-M., Briqueu, L., and Cantagrel, J.-M., 1999, Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic evolution in the Cenozoic volcanism of the Hoggar Swell (Algerian Sahara): Journal of Conference Abstracts, Cambridge Publications, Abstract Volume of European Union of Geosciences meeting, EUG10, v. 4, p. 349.

Aksenov, Ye.M., Keller, B.M., Sokolov, B.S., Solontsov, L.F., and Shul’ga, P.L., 1978, A general scheme for upper Precambrian stratigraphy of the Russian Platform: International Geology Review, v. 22, p. 444-458.

Aleinikoff, J.N., Zartman, R.E., Walter, M., Rankin, D.W., Lyttle, P.T., and Burton, W.C., 1995, U-Pb ages of metarhyolites of the Catoctin and Mount Rogers formations, central and southern Appalachians: Evidence for two pulses of Iapetan rifting: American Journal of Science, v. 295, p. 428-454.

Algerie, Service de la Carte Geologique, 1958, Carte géologique de reconnaissance du Sahara Algérien, feuille no. NG30 NO and part of SO (Eglab [Chena-Chane]: Algiers, Algeria, Service Geólogique de l’Algerie, scale 1:500 000 (in French).

Alviola, R., Johanson, B.S., Rämö, O.T., and Vaasjoki, M., 1999, The Proterozoic Ahvenisto rapakivi granite-massif-type anorthosite complex, southeastern Finland: Petrography and U-Pb chronology: Precambrian Research, v. 95, p. 89-107.

Amelin, Y.V., Heaman, L.M., and Semenov, V.S., 1995, U-Pb geochronology of layered mafic intrusions in the eastern Baltic Shield: Implications for the timing and duration of Paleoproterozoic continental rifting: Precambrian Research, v. 75, p. 31-46.

Amelin, Y.V., Neymark, L.A., Ritsk, E.Y., and Nemchin, A.A., 1996, Enriched Nd-Sr-Pb isotopic signatures in the Dovyren layered intrusion (eastern Siberia, Russia): Evidence for source contamination by ancient upper-crustal material: Chemical Geology, v. 129, p. 39-69.

Anderson, D.L., 1995, Lithosphere, asthenosphere and perisphere: Reviews of Geophysics, v. 3, p. 125-149.

Anderson, D.L., 2000, The thermal state of the upper mantle: No role for mantle plumes: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 27, p. 3623-3626.

Anderson, H.E., and Davis, D.W., 1995, U-Pb geochronology of the Moyie sills, Purcell Supergroup, southeastern British Columbia: Implications for the Mesoproterozoic geological history of the Purcell (Belt) basin: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 32, p. 1180-1193.

Andréasson, P.G., 1987, Early evolution of the Late Proterozoic Baltoscandian margin: Inferences from rift magmatism: Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlinger, v. 109, p. 336-340.

Andréasson, P.G., Svenningsen, O., Johansson, I., Solyom, Z., and Tan Xiaodan, 1992, Mafic dyke swarms of the Baltica-Iapetus transition, Seve nappe complex of the Sarek Mts., Swedish Caledonides: Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, v. 114, p. 31-45.

Angola, Laboratório Nacional de Investigação Científica Tropical, 1981, Geologia de Angola (in Portugese): Angola, Serviços de geologia e minas, scale 1:1 000 000, 4 sheets.

Annells, R.N., Fletcher, C.J.N., Styles, M.T., Burton, C.C.J., Evans, R.B., and Harding, R.R., 1986, The Rincón del Tigre Igneous Complex: A major layered ultramafic-mafic intrusion of Proterozoic age in the Precambrian shield of eastern Bolivia: Overseas Geology and Mineral Resources 63, British Geological Survey, 63 p.

Armstrong, R.A., Compston, W., de Wit, M.J., and Williams, I.S., 1990, The stratigraphy of the 3.5-3.2 Ga Barberton greenstone belt revisited: A single zircon ion microprobe study: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 101, p. 90-106.

Armstrong, R.A., Compston, W., Retief, E.A., Williams, I.S., and Welke, H.J., 1991, Zircon ion microprobe studies bearing on the age and evolution of the Witwatersrand triad: Precambrian Research, v. 53, p. 243-266.

Arndt, N.T., Brügmann, G.E., Lehnert, K., Chauvel, C., and Chappell, B.W., 1987, Geochemistry, petrogenesis and tectonic environment of Circum-Superior Belt basalts, Canada, in Pharoah, T.C., Beckinsale, R.D., and Rickard, D., eds., Geochemistry and mineralization of Proterozoic volcanic suites. Geological Society [London] Special Publication 33, p. 133-145.

Arndt, N.T., Nelson, D.R., Compston, W., Trendall, A.F., and Thorne, A.M., 1991, The age of the Fortescue Group, Hammersley Basin, Western Australia, from ion microprobe zircon U-Pb results: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 38, p. 261-281.

Arndt, N.T., Teixeira, N.A., and White, W.M., 1989, Bizarre geochemistry of komatiites from the Crixás greenstone belt, Brazil: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 101, p. 187-197.

Ashwal, L.D., 1993, Anorthosites: New York, Springer-Verlag, 422 p.

Aspler, L.B., Chiarenzelli, J.R., Ozarko, D.L., and Powis, K.B., 1994, Geology of Archean and Proterozoic supracrustal rocks in the Otter and Ducker lakes area, southern District of Keewatin, Northwest Territories: Geological Survey of Canada, Current Research 1994C, p. 165-174.

Attoh, K., and Ekwueme, B.N., 1997, The West African Shield, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 517-528.

Baars, F.J., 1997, The São Francisco Craton, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone Belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 529-557.

Baker, J., Snee, L., and Menzies, M., 1996, A brief Oligocene period of flood volcanism in Yemen: Implications for the duration and rate of continental flood volcanism at the Afro-Arabian triple junction: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 138, p. 39-55.

Baksi, A.K., 1994, Geochronological studies on whole-rock basalts, Deccan Traps, India: Evaluation of the timing of volcanism relative to the K-T boundary: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 121, p. 43-56.

Baragar, W.R.A., 1977, Volcanism of the stable crust, in Baragar, W.R.A., Coleman, L.C., and Hall, J.M., eds., Volcanic regimes of Canada: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 16, p. 377-405.

Baragar, W.R.A., 1981, Tectonic and regional relationships of the Seal Lake and Bruce River magmatic provinces: Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin 314, 72 p.

Baragar, W.R.A., Ernst, R.E., Hulbert, L., and Peterson, T., 1996, Longitudinal petrochemical variation in the Mackenzie dyke swarm, northwestern Canadian Shield: Journal of Petrology, v. 37, no. 2, p. 317-359.

Baragar, W.R.A., and Scoates, R.F.J., 1987, Volcanic geochemistry of the northern segments of the circum-Superior Belt of the Canadian Shield, in Pharoah, T.C., Beckinsale, R.D., and Rickard, D., eds., Geochemistry and mineralization of Proterozoic volcanic suites: Geological Society [London] Special Publication 33, p. 113-131.

Barley, M.E., 1993, Volcanic, sedimentary and tectonostratigraphic environments of the ~3.46 Ga Warrawoona megasequence: A review: Precambrian Research, v. 60, p. 47-67.

Barley, M.E., 1997, The Pilbara Craton, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 657-664.

Barley, M.E., Pickard, A.L., and Sylvester, P.J., 1997, Emplacement of a large igneous province as a possible cause of banded iron formation 2.45 billion years ago: Nature, v. 385, p. 55-58.

Barnes, C.G., Shannon, W.M., and Kargi, H., 1999, Diverse Mesoproterozoic basaltic magmatism in west Texas: Rocky Mountain Geology, v. 34, no. 2, p. 263-273.

Barnes, S.J., and Hoatson, D.M., 1994, The Munni Munni Complex, Western Australia: Stratigraphy, structure and petrogenesis: Journal of Petrology, v. 35, no. 3, p. 715-751.

Barooah, B.P., and Bowes, D.R., 1990, Separation of early Proterozoic mafic dyke swarms by structural relationships in the Lewisian Complex, near Scourie, Scotland, in Parker, A.J., Rickwood, P.C., and Tucker, D.H., eds., Mafic dykes and emplacement mechanisms: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 507-519.

Barrie, C.T., and Davis, D.W., 1990, Timing of magmatism and deformation in the Kamiskotia–Kidd Creek area, western Abitibi subprovince, Canada: Precambrian Research, v. 46, p. 217-240.

Barrie, C.T., Gorton, M.P., Naldrett, A.J., and Hart, T.R., 1991, Geochemical constraints on the petrogenesis of the Kamiskotia gabbroic complex and related basalts, western Abitibi subprovince, Ontario, Canada: Precambrian Research, v. 50, p. 173-199.

Barrie, C.T., and Naldrett, A.J., 1989, Geology and tectonic setting of the Montcalm Gabbroic Complex and Ni-Cu deposit, western Abitibi subprovince, Ontario, Canada, in Prendergast, M.D., and Jones, M.J., eds., Magmatic sulphides: The Zimbabwe volume: Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, p. 151-163.

Barrie, C.T., and Shirey, S.B., 1991, Nd- and Sr-isotope systematics for the Kamiskotia-Montcalm area: Implications for the formation of late Archean crust in the western Abitibi Subprovince, Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 28, p. 58-76.

Barton, J.M., Jr., 1975, The Mugford Group volcanics of Labrador: Age, geochemistry and tectonic setting: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 12, p. 1196-1208.

Barton, J.M., 1979, The chemical compositions, Rb/Sr isotopic systematics and tectonic setting of certain post-kinematic mafic igenous rocks, Limpopo Mobile Belt, South Africa: Precambrian Research, v. 9, p. 57-80.

Barton, J.M., Jr., and Pretorius, W., 1997, The lower unconformity-bounded sequence of the Soutpansberg Group and its correlatives: Remnants of a Proterozoic large igneous province, in Hatton, C.J., ed., Special Issue on the Proceedings of the Plumes, Plates and Mineralisation '97 Symposium: South African Journal of Geology, v. 100, no. 4, p. 335-339.

Basaltic Volcanism Study Project, 1981, Basaltic volcanism on the terrestrial planets: New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1286 p.

Bates, M.P., and Halls, H.C., 1991, Broad-scale Proterozoic deformation of the central Superior Province revealed by paleomagentism of the 2.45 Ga Matachewan dyke swarm: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 28, p. 1780-1796.

Bayanova, T.B., Mitrofanov, F.P., and Egorov, D.G., 1998, U-Pb dating of the dike complex at the Kirovogorsk deposit in the iron ore formation of the Kola Peninsula: Doklady Earth Sciences, v. 361, no. 5, p. 688-691.

Beavon, R.V., 1976, Early Aphebian basaltic volcanism in the southern District of Keewatin, Northwest Territories: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 13, p. 1003-1005.

Bengaard, H.J., and Henriksen, N., 1986, Geological Map of Greenland, Sheet 8, Peary Land: Geological Survey of Greenland, scale 1:500 000.

Bérard, J., and Tanguay, M.G., 1972, République du Niger, Carte Photogéologique, feuille no. ND-31-XIV (Tillaberry): Niger, scale 1:200 000 (in French), 1 sheet.

Bercovici, D., and Mahoney, J., 1994, Double flood basalts and plume head separation at the 660-kilometer discontinuity: Science, v. 266, p. 1367-1369.

Berkovsky, A.N., and Platunova, A.P., 1987, Dyke swarms of the East European craton: Aeromagnetic and geological evidence, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 373-377.

Bernstein, S., Kelemen, P.B., and Brooks, C.K., 1996, Evolution of the Kap Edvard Holm complex: A mafic intrusion at a rifted continental margin: Journal of Petrology, v. 37, no. 3, p. 497-519.

Berthelsen, A., and Henriksen, N., 1975, Descriptive text to geological map of Greenland 1:100 000: Ivigtut, 61 V.1 Syd.: Copenhagen, Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse (also Meddr Grønland 186, 1), 169 p.

Bertrand, H., 1991, The Mesozoic tholeiitic province of northwest Africa: A volcano-tectonic record of the early opening of Central Atlantic, in Kampunzu, A.B., and Lubala, R.T., eds., Magmatism in extensional structural settings: The Phanerozoic African Plate: Berlin, Springer-Verlag, p. 148-188 + references.

Bethune, K.M., 1993, Evolution of the Grenville Front in the Tyson Lake area, southwest of Sudbury, Ontario, with emphasis on the tectonic significance of the Sudbury diabase dykes [Ph.D. thesis]: Kingston, Ontario, Canada, Queen's University, 263 p. + appendices.

Bhat, M.I., Claesson, S., Dubey, A.K., and Pande, K., 1998, Sm-Nd age of the Garhwal-Bhowali volcanics, western Himalayas: Vestiges of the Late Archaean Rampur flood basalt province of the northern Indian Craton: Precambrian Research, v. 87, p. 217-231.

Bhattacharji, S., Chatterjee, N., Wampler, J.M., and Gazi, M., 1994, Mafic dikes in Deccan volcanics - indicator of India intraplate rifting, crustal extension and Deccan flood basalt volcanism, in Subbarao, K.V., ed., Volcanism, Radhakrishna Volume: New Delhi, India, Wiley Eastern Limited, p. 253-276.

Bibikova, E.V., Kirnozova, T.I., Lazarev, J.I., Makarov, V.A., and Nikolaev, A.A., 1990, U-Pb isotopic age of Karelian vepsii: Doklady Akademiia Nauk SSSR, v. 310, no. N1, p. 189-191.

Bibikova, E.V., Lobach-Zuchenko, S.B., Semikatov, M.A., Shurkin, K.A., and Scherbak, N.P., 1989, Geochronological Precambrian scale of the East European Platform and its stratigraphy: Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR, Seriya Geologicheskaya, no. 4, p. 8-22.

Bickford, M.E., Shuster, R.D., and Boardman, S.J., 1989, U-Pb geochronology of the Proterozoic volcano-plutonic terrane in the Gunnison and Salida areas, Colorado, in Grambling, J.A., and Tewksbury, B.J., eds., Proterozoic geology of the southern Rocky Mountains: Geological Society of America Special Paper 235, p. 33-43.

Bingen, B., and Demaiffe, D., 1999, Geochemical signature of the Egersund basaltic dyke swarm, SW Norway, in the context of late-Neoproterozoic opening of the Iapetus Ocean: Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, v. 79, p. 69-86.

Bingen, B., Demaiffe, D., and van Breemen, O., 1998, The 616 Ma old Egersund basaltic dike swarm, SW Norway, and Late Neoproterozoic opening of the Iapetus Ocean: The Journal of Geology, v. 106, p. 565-574.

Biske, Yu.S., 1996, Paleozoic structure and history of Southern Tian-Shan (in Russian): St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg University Press.

Black, L.P., Kinny, P.D., and Sheraton, J.W., 1991, The difficulties of dating mafic dykes: An Antarctic example: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 109, p. 183-194.

Black, L.P., and McCulloch, M.T., 1984, Sm-Nd ages of the Arunta, Tennant Creek and Georgetown inliers of northern Australia: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 31, p. 49-60.

Blackburn, W.H., and Srivastava, D.C., 1994, Geochemistry and tectonic significance of the Ongarbira metavolcanic rocks, Singhbhum District, India: Precambrian Research, v. 67, p. 181-206.

Blackburn, C.E., Johns, G.W., Ayer, J., Davis, D.W., 1991, Wabigoon Province, in Geology of Ontario: Ontario Geological Survey, Special Volume 4, Part 1, p. 302-381.

Blagovyeshchenskaya, M.N., 1973, Geological map of Siberian platform and adjoining territories: Ministry of Geology of the USSR, scale 1:1 500 000.

Blake, D.H., Tyler, I.M., Griffin, T.J., Sheppard, S., Thorne, A.M., and Warren, R.G., 1998, Geology of the Halls Creek 1:100 000 Sheet area (4461), Western Australia: Canberra, Australian Geological Survey Organisation.

Blake, T.S., 1993, Late Archaean crustal extension, sedimentary basin formation, flood basalt volcanism and continental rifting: The Nullagine and Mount Jope Supersequences, Western Australia: Precambrian Research, v. 60, p. 185-241.

Bleeker, W., Ketchum, J.W.F., and Davis, W.J., 1999a, The Central Slave basement complex, Part II: Age and tectonic significance of high-strain zones along the basement-cover contact: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 36, p. 1111-1130.

Bleeker, W., Ketchum, J.W.F., Jackson, V.A., and Villeneuve, M., 1999b, The Central Slave basement complex, Part I: Its structural topology and autochthonous cover: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 36, p. 1083-1109.

Blenkinsop, T., Martin, A., Jelsma, H.A., and Vinyu, M.L., 1997, The Zimbabwe Craton, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 567-580.

Borg, G., 1988, The Koras-Sinclair-Ghanzi Rift in southern Africa: Volcanism, sedimentation, age relationships and geophysical signature of a late Middle Proterozoic rift system: Precambrian Research, v. 38, p. 75-90.

Bostock, H.H., and van Breemen, O., 1992, The timing of emplacement and distribution of the Sparrow diabase dyke swarm, District of Mackenzie, Northwest Territories: Radiogenic Age and Isotopic Studies, Report 6: Geological Survey of Canada Paper 92-2, p. 49-55.

Bowring, S.A., and Hoppe, W.J., 1982, U/Pb zircon ages from Mount Sheridan gabbro, Wichita Mountains: Oklahoma Geological Survey Guidebook 21, p. 54-59.

Boyd, D.M., and Tucker, D.H., 1990, Australian magnetic dykes, in Parker, A.J., Rickwood, P.C., and Tucker, D.H., eds., Mafic dykes and emplacement mechanisms: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 391-399.

Brandl, G., and de Wit, M.J., 1997, The Kaapvaal Craton, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 581-607.

Brewer, M.C., and Thomas, W.A., 1998, Late Precambrian two-phase rifting of southeastern Laurentia: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 7, p. A124.

Bridgwater, D., Mengel, F., Fryer, B., Wagner, P., and Hansen, S.C., 1995, Early Proterozoic mafic dykes in the North Atlantic and Baltic cratons: Field setting and chemistry of distinctive dyke swarms, in Coward, M.P., and Ries, A.C., eds., Early Precambrian processes: Geological Society [London] Special Publication 95, p. 193-210.

Buchan, K.L., Ernst, R.E., Hamilton, M.A., Mertanen, S., Pesonen, L.J., and Elming, S.-Å., 2001, Rodinia: The evidence from integrated paleomagnetism and U-Pb geochronology: Precambrian Research (in press).

Buchan, K.L., Halls, H.C., and Mortensen, J.K., 1996, Paleomagnetism, U-Pb geochronology, and geochemistry of Marathon dykes, Superior Province, and comparison with the Fort Frances swarm: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 33, p. 1583-1595.

Buchan, K.L., Mertanen, S., Park, R.G., Pesonen, L., Elming, S.-Å., Abrahamsen, N., and Bylund, G., 2000, Comparing the drift of Laurentia and Baltica in the Proterozoic: The importance of key paleomagnetic poles: Tectonophysics, v. 319, p. 167-198.

Buchan, K.L., Mortensen, J.K., and Card, K.D., 1993, Northeast-trending Early Proterozoic dykes of southern Superior Province: Multiple episodes of emplacement recognized from integrated paleomagnetism and U-Pb geochronology: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 30, p. 1286-1296.

Buchan, K.L., Mortensen, J.K., and Card, K.D., 1994, Integrated paleomagnetic and U-Pb geochronologic studies of mafic intrusions in the southern Canadian Shield: Implications for the Early Proterozoic polar wander path: Precambrian Research, v. 69, p. 1-10.

Buchan, K.L., Mortensen, J.K., Card, K.D., and Percival, J.A., 1998, Paleomagnetism and U-Pb geochronology of diabase dyke swarms of Minto block, Superior Province, Quebec, Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 35, p. 1054-1069.

Buick, I.S., Maas, R., and Gibson, R., 2001, Precise U-Pb titanite age constraints on the emplacement of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa: Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 158, p. 3-6.

Buick, R., Thornett, J.R., McNaughton, N.J., Smith, J.B., Barley, M.E., and Savage, M., 1995, Record of emergent continental crust ~3.5 billion years ago in the Pilbara craton of Australia: Nature, v. 339, p. 697-699.

Bultitude, R.J. 1976, Flood basalts of probable early Cambrian age in northern Australia, in Johnson, R.W., eds., Volcanism in Australasia: Elsevier, Amsterdam, p. 1-20.

Burke, K., 1996, The African plate: South African Journal of Geology, v. 99, no. 4, p. 341-409.

Burke, K., and Dewey, J.F., 1973, Plume-generated triple junctions: Key indicators in applying plate tectonics to old rocks: The Journal of Geology, v. 81, p. 406-433.

Byerly, G.R., Kröner, A., Lowe, D.R., Todt, W., and Walsh, M.M., 1996, Prolonged magmatism and time constraints for sediment deposition in the early Archean Barberton greenstone belt: Evidence from the Upper Onverwacht and Fig Tree groups: Precambrian Research, v. 78, p. 125-138.

Bylund, G., 1992, Palaeomagnetism, mafic dykes and the Protogine Zone, southern Sweden: Tectonophysics, v. 201, p. 49-63.

Cadman, A.C., Heaman, L., Tarney, J., Wardle, R., and Krogh, T.E., 1993, U-Pb geochronology and geochemical variation within two Proterozoic mafic dyke swarms, Labrador: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 30, p. 1490-1504.

Cadman, A.C., Tarney, J., Baragar, W.R.A., and Wardle, R.J., 1994, Relationship between Proterozoic dykes and associated volcanic sequences: Evidence from the Harp swarm and Seal Lake group, Labrador, Canada: Precambrian Research, v. 68, p. 357-374.

Cahen, L., Snelling, N.J., Delhal, J., and Vail, J.R., 1984, The geochronology and evolution of Africa: Oxford, Clarendon Press, 512 p.

Camacho, A., Simons, B., and Schmidt, P.W., 1991, Geological and palaeomagnetic significance of the Kulgera dyke swarm, Musgrave Block, NT, Australia: Geophysical Journal International, v. 107, p. 37-45.

Cameron, M., Weaver, B.L., and de Medina, D.D., 1986, A preliminary report on trace-element geochemistry of mafic igneous rocks of the southern Oklahoma aulacogen, in Gilbert, M.C., ed., Petrology of the Cambrian Wichita Mountains igneous suite: Norman, Oklahoma Geological Survey, Guidebook 23, p. 80-85.

Campbell, I.H., and Griffiths, R.W., 1990, Implications of mantle plume structure for the evolution of flood basalts: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 99, p. 79-93.

Campbell, I.H., and Griffiths, R.W., 1992, The changing nature of mantle hotspots through time: Implications for the chemical evolution of the mantle: The Journal of Geology, v. 92, p. 497-523.

Campbell, I.H., and Hill, R.I., 1988, A two-stage model for the formation of the granite-greenstone terrains of the Kalgoorlie-Norseman area, Western Australia: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 90, p. 11-25.

Cannon, W.F., 1992, The Midcontinent rift in the Lake Superior region with emphasis on its geodynamic evolution: Tectonophysics, v. 213, p. 41-48.

Cawood, P.A., McCausland, P.J.A., and Dunning, G.R., 1999, Rift related magmatism associated with Rodinian breakup and opening [of] Iapetus in the northeastern Appalachians: Journal of Conference Abstracts, Cambridge Publications, Abstract Volume of European Union of Geosciences meeting, EUG10, v. 4, p. 121.

Cawthorn, R.G., de Wet, M., Hatton, C.J., and Cassidy, K.F., 1991, Ti-rich chromite from the Mount Ayliff Intrusion, Transkei: Further evidence for high Ti tholeiitic magma: American Mineralogist, v. 76, no. 3-4, p. 561-573.

Chadwick, B., Ramakrishnan, M., and Viswanatha, M.N., 1985, Bababudan: A late Archean intracratonic volcanosedimentary basin, Karnataka, South India, Parts I & II: Journal of the Geological Society of India, v. 26, p. 769-821.

Chamberlain, K.R., and Frost, B.R., 1995, Mid-Proterozoic mafic dikes in the central Wyoming Province: Evidence for Belt-age extension and supercontinent break-up: Geological Association of Canada/Mineralogical Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts, v. 20, p. A15.

Chandra, R., 1995, Geochemistry and petrogenesis of the layered sequence in Girnar ijolitic series (GIS), India: The role of differentiation and allied factors, in Srivastava, R.K., and Chandra, R., eds., Magmatism in relation to diverse tectonic settings: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 155-194.

Chen, Y.D., and Liu, S.F., 1996, Precise U-Pb zircon dating of a post-D2 meta-dolerite: constraints for rapid tectonic development of the southern Adelaide Fold Belt during the Cambrian: Journal of the Geological Society, London, v. 153, p. 83-90.

Cheney, E.S., 1996, Sequence stratigraphy and plate tectonic significance of the Transvaal succession of southern Africa and its equivalent in Western Australia: Precambrian Research, v. 79, p. 3-24.

Cheney, E.S., 1998, Global mafic magmatism at 2.5 Ga: Remnants of an ancient large igneous province?: Comment: Geology, v. 26, p. 93.

Cheney, E.S., and Winter, H.de la R., 1995, The late Archean to Mesoproterozoic major unconformity – bounded units of the Kaapvaal Province of southern Africa: Precambrian Research, v. 74, p. 203-223.

Chevallier, L., and Woodford, A., 1999, Morpho-tectonics and mechanism of emplacement of the dolerite rings and sills of the western Karoo, South Africa: South African Journal of Geology, v. 102, no. 1, p. 43-54.

Choudhuri, A., 1980, The Early Proterozoic greenstone belt of the northern Guiana Shield, South America: Precambrian Research, v. 13, p. 363-374.

Choudhuri, A., Sial, A.N., and Oliveira, E.P., 1990, Unmetamorphosed Proterozoic tholeiite dykes from the northern Amazon Craton, Guiana, the evolution of basaltic magmatism, in Parker, A.J., Rickwood, P.C., and Tucker, D.H., eds., Mafic dykes and emplacement mechanisms: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 275-283.

Christie, K.W., Davidson, A., and Fahrig, W.F., 1975, The paleomagnetism of Kaminak dikes: No evidence of significant Hudsonian plate motion: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 12, p. 2048-2064.

Chubb, P.T., Vogel, D.C., Peck, D.C., James, R.S., and Keays, R.R., 1994, Occurrences of pseudotachylyte at the East Bull Lake and Shakespeare-Dunlop intrusions, Ontario, Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 31, no. 12, p. 1744-1748.

Chung, S.L., Jahn, B.M., Wu, G., Lo, C.H., and Cong, B., 1998, The Emeishan flood basalt in SW China: A mantle plume initiation model and its connection with continental breakup and mass extinction at the Permian-Triassic boundary, in Flower, M.F.J., Chung, S.L., Lo, C.H., and Lee, T.Y., eds., Mantle dynamics and plate interactions in East Asia. American Geophysical Union Geodynamics Series 27, p. 47-58.

Chung, S.-L., and Jahn, B.-M., 1995, Plume-lithosphere interaction in generation of the Emeishan flood basalts at the Permian-Triassic boundary: Geology, v. 23, p. 889-892.

Ciesielski, A., and Madore, C., 1989, Litho-tectonic map of the Grenville Front, the Archean parautochthonous orthogneisses and Proterozoic dykes in the Central Grenville Province, southeast of Chibougamau, Quebec: Geological Survey of Canada Open-File 2059.

Claoué-Long, J.C., Compston, W., and Cowden, A., 1988, The age of the Kambalda greenstones resolved by ion-microprobe: Implications for Archaean dating methods: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 89, p. 239-259.

Claoué-Long, J.C., Zichao, Z., Guogan, M., and Shaohua, D., 1991, The age of the Permian-Triassic boundary: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 105, p. 182-190.

Clark, T., 1984, Géologie de la région du lac Cambrien, Territoire du Nouveau Québec: Ministère de l'Énergie et des Resources du Québec, ET83-02.

Cloos, M., 1993, Lithospheric buoyancy and collisional orogenesis: Subduction of oceanic plateaus, continental margins, island arcs, spreading ridges, and seamounts: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 105, p. 715-737.

Coffin, M.F., and Eldholm, O., 1992, Volcanism and continental break-up: A global compilation of large igneous provinces, in Storey, B.C., Alabaster, T., and Pankhurst, R.J., eds., Magmatism and the causes of continental break-up. Geological Society [London] Special Publication 68, p. 17-30.

Coffin, M.F., and Eldholm, O., 1994, Large igneous provinces: Crustal structure, dimensions, and external consequences: Reviews of Geophysics, v. 32, p. 1-36.

Coleman, R.G., 1993, Geologic evolution of the Red Sea: Oxford, Oxford University Press, Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics No. 24, 186 p.

Compston, W., 1974, The Table Hill volcanics of the Officer Basin: Precambrian or Palaeozoic?: Geological Society of Australia, Journal, v. 21, p. 403-411.

Compston, W., and Arriens, P.A., 1968, The Precambrian geochronology of Australia: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 5, p. 561-583.

Condie, K.C., 1998, Episodic continental growth and supercontinents: A mantle avalanche connection?: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 163, p. 97-108.

Condie, K.C., Bobrow, D.J., and Card, K.D., 1987, Geochemistry of Precambrian mafic dykes from the southern Superior Province of the Canadian Shield, in Halls, H. C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 95-108.

Connelly, J.N., and Heaman, L.M., 1993, U-Pb geochronological constraints on the tectonic evolution of the Grenville Province, western Labrador: Precambrian Research, v. 63, p. 123-142.

Conway, C.M., and Gonzales, D.A., 1995, Grenvillian tectonic setting of the 1.1-Ga. diabase province in the southwestern United States, in Leon T. Silver 70th Birthday Symposium and Celebration: Pasadena, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, p. 185-190.

Corfu, F., and Andrews, A.J., 1987, Geochronological constraints on the timing of magmatism, deformation and gold mineralisation in the Red Lake greenstone belt, northwestern Ontario: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 24, p. 1302-1320.

Corfu , F., and Noble, S.R., 1992, Genesis of the southern Abitibi greenstone belt, Superior Province, Canada: evidence from zircon Hf isotope analysis using a single filament technique; Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 56, p. 2081-2097.

Corfu, F., Krogh, T.E., Kwok, Y.Y., and Jensen, L.S., 1989, U-Pb zircon geochronology in the southwestern Abitibi greenstone belt, Superior Province: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 26, p. 1747-1763.

Corfu, F., and Wallace, H., 1986, U-Pb zircon ages for magmatism in the Red Lake greenstone belt, northwestern Ontario: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 23, p. 27-42.

Cornell, D.H., Armstrong, R.A., and Walraven, F., 1998, Geochronology of the Proterozoic Hartley basalt formation, South Africa: Constraints on the Kheis tectonogenesis and the Kaapvaal Craton's earliest Wilson cycle: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 26, no. 1, p. 5-27.

Cornell, D.H., Schütte, S.S., and Eglington, B.L., 1996, The Ongeluk basaltic andesite formation in Griqualand West, South Africa: Submarine alteration in a 2222 Ma Proterozoic sea: Precambrian Research, v. 79, p. 101-123.

Correa Gomes, L.C., 1995, The mafic dyke swarm along the coastline of Bahia State, Brazil: An attempt of continental breakup between South America and Africa 1.0 Ga ago?, in Third International Dyke Conference, Jerusalem, Israel, Program and Abstracts: Geological Survey of Israel, Israel Geological Society, Hebrew University (Jerusalem) and Ben Gurion University of the Negev (Be’er Sheva), p. 19.

Correa Gomes, L.C., and Tanner de Oliveira, M.A.F., 1994, Map of mafic dyke provinces, Bahia, Brazil: SICT (Secretaria da Ciência e Tecnologia), SME (Secretaria de Minas e Energia), UFBA (Federal University of Bahia), scale 1:1,000,000, 1 sheet.

Correa Gomes, L.C., Tanner de Oliveira, M.A.F., Cruz, M.J.M., and Motta, A.C., 1994, Mafic dykes of the Bahia State, Brazil: Major provinces, temporal evolution and present knowledge—Some evidences about upper mantle behaviour, in International Symposium on the Physics and Chemistry of the Upper Mantle: São Paulo, Brazil, p. 59-61.

Correa-Gomes, L.C., and Oliveira, E.P., 1997, 1.0 Ga old giant radiating mafic dike swarms of Bahia, Brazil, and Congo, Africa: Mantle plume-related aborted continental breakup: Geological Association of Canada/Mineralogical Association of Canada, Abstract Volume, v. 22, p. A31.

Courtillot, V., Jaupart, C., Manighetti, I., Tapponnier, P., and Besse, J., 1999, On causal links between flood basalts and continental breakup: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 166, p. 177-195.

Courtney, R.C., and White, R.S., 1986, Anomalous heat flow and geoid across the Cape Verde Rise: Evidence for dynamic support from a thermal plume in the mantle: Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 87, p. 815-867.

Cousens, B.L., 2000, Geochemistry of the Archean Kam Group, Yellowknife greenstone belt, Slave Province, Canada: The Journal of Geology, v. 108, p. 181-197.

Cox, D.M., Chamberlain, K.R., and Snyder, G.L., 1995, Timing and petrogenesis of Early Proterozoic high Mg mafic magmatism in the southern Wyoming Province, USA: Geological Association of Canada/Mineralogical Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts, v. 20, p. A20.

Cox, D.M., Frost, C.D., and Chamberlain, K.R., 2000, 2.01-Ga Kennedy dike swarm, southeastern Wyoming: Record of a rifted margin along the southern Wyoming province: Rocky Mountain Geology, v. 35, p. 7-30.

Cox, K.G., 1989, The role of mantle plumes in the development of continental drainage patterns: Nature, v. 342, p. 873-876.

Cox, K.G., 1993, Continental magmatic underplating: Royal Society of London Philosophical Transactions, ser. A, v. 342, p. 155-166.

Cox, R.A., Dunning, G.R., and Indares, A., 1998, Petrology and U-Pb geochronology of mafic, high-pressure, metamorphic coronites from the Tshenukutish domain, eastern Grenville Province: Precambrian Research, v. 90, p. 59-83.

Crawford, A.J., and Berry, R.F., 1992, Tectonic implications of Late Proterozoic-Early Palaeozoic igneous rock associations in western Tasmania: Tectonophysics, v. 214, p. 37-56.

Crawford, A.J., and Hilyard, D., 1990, Geochemistry of Late Proterozoic flood basalts, Adelaide Geosyncline, South Australia: Geological Society of Australia Special Publication 16, p. 49-67.


D-E-F

D'Agrella Filho, M.S., Pacca, I.G., Onstott, T.C., Renne, P.R., and Teixeira, W., 1989, Paleomagnetism and geochronology of mafic dikes from the regions of Salvador, Olivença and Uauá, São Francisco craton, Brazil: Present stage of the USP/ Princeton University collaboration: Boletim IG-USP (Institute of Geosciences-University of São Paulo), Série Científica, v. 20, p. 1-8.

D’Agrella-Filho, M.S., Pacca, I.G., Renne, P.R., Onstott, T.C., and Teixeira, W., 1990, Paleomagnetism of Middle Proterozoic (1.01 to 1.08 Ga) mafic dykes in southeastern Bahia state – São Francisco craton, Brazil: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 101, p. 332-348.

Damm, V., Gendler, T.S., Gooskova, E.G., Khramov, A.N., Lewandowski, M., Nozharov, P., Pavlov, V.I., Petrova, G.N., Pisarevskky, S.A., and Sokolov, S.J., 1997, Palaeomagnetic studies of Proterozoic rocks from the Lake Onega region, southeast Fennoscandian Shield: Geophysical Journal International, v. 129, p. 518-530.

Davidson, A., and van Breemen, O., 1988, Baddeleyite-zircon relationships in coronitic metagabbro, Grenville Province, Ontario: Implications for geochronology: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 100, p. 291-299.

Davies, G.F., 1999, Dynamic earth: Plates, plumes and mantle convection: Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 458 p.

Davies, J.C., 1966, The petrology and geochemistry of the basic intrusive rocks, Kakagi Lake - Wabigoon Lake area, District of Kenora, Ontario [Ph.D. thesis]: Winnipeg, University of Manitoba, 199 p.

Davis, D.W., and Edwards, G.R., 1986, Zircon U-Pb ages from the Kakagi Lake area, Wabigoon Subprovince, northwest Ontario: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 19, p. 1235-1245.

Davis, D.W., Blackburn, C.E., and Krogh, T.E., 1982, Zircon U-Pb ages from the Wabigoon-Manitou Lakes region, Wabigoon subprovince, Northwest Ontario: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 19, p. 254-266.

Davis, D.W., and Edwards, G.R., 1982, Zircon U-Pb ages from the Kakagi Lake area, Wabigoon subprovince, northwestern Ontario: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 19, p. 868-877.

Davis, D.W., and Green, J.C., 1997, Geochronology of the North American Midcontinent rift in western Lake Superior and implications for its geodynamic evolution, in Bornhorst, T.J., ed., Petrology and metallogeny of intraplate mafic and ultramafic magmatism: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 34, p. 476-488.

Davis, D.W., and Paces, J.B., 1990, Time resolution of geologic events on the Keweenaw Peninsula and implications for development of the Midcontinent rift system: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 97, p. 54-64.

Davis, D.W., and Sutcliffe, R.H., 1985, U-Pb ages from the Nipigon plate and northern Lake Superior: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 96, p. 1572-1579.

Dawes, P.R., and Rex, D.C., 1986, Proterozoic basaltic magmatic periods in North-West Greenland: Evidence from K/Ar ages: Grønlands geoliske undersøgelse Rapport, v. 130, p. 24-31.

de Waal, S.A., and Gauert, C.D.K., 1997, The Basal Gabbro Unit and the identity of the parental magma of the Uitkomst Complex, Badplaas, South Africa, in Hatton, C.J., ed., Special Issue on the Proceedings of the Plumes, Plates and Mineralisation '97 Symposium: South African Journal of Geology, v. 100, no. 4, p. 349-361.

De Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., 1997, Greenstone belts: Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics: Oxford, Clarendon Press, 809 p.

Deblond, A., Punzalan, L.E., Boven, A., and Tack, L., 1999, New constraints on the Neoproterozoic Bukoban-Malagarazi supergroup (NW Tanzania-SE Burundi) from 40Ar/39Ar stepwise heating analyses of doleritic gabbros, in Abstract Volume, IGCP 418-419 Annual Meeting: Kitwe, Zambia, p. 33-35.

Deckart, K., Féraud, G., and Bertrand, H., 1997, Age of Jurassic continental tholeiites of French Guyana, Surinam and Guinea: Implications for the initial opening of the central Atlantic Ocean: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 150, p. 205-220.

Deggeller, M., Wright, J.E., Hogan, J.P., Gilbert, M.C., and Price, J.D., 1996, Age and source characteristics of Mount Scott granite, OK: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 28, no. 1, p. 10.

DePaolo, D.J., and Wasserburg, G.J., 1979, Sm-Nd age of the Stillwater Complex and the mantle evolution curve for neodymium: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 43, p. 999-1008.

Dessai, A.G., and Bertrand, H., 1995, The “Panvel Flexure” along the western Indian continental margin: An extensional fault structure related to Deccan magmatism: Tectonophysics, v. 241, p. 165-178.

Devlin, W.J., Brueckner, H.K., and Bond, G.C. 1988, New isotopic data and a preliminary age for volcanics near the base of the Windermere Supergroup, northeastern Washington, U.S.A.: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 25, p. 1906-1911.

Diallo, D., Bertrand, H., Azambre, B., Grégoire, M., and Caseiro, J., 1992, Le complexe basique-ultrabasique du Kakoulima (Guinée-Conakry): Une intrusion tholeiitique stratifiée liée au rifting de l’Atlantique central: Comptes Rendus de l’Academie des Sciences, Serie 2, Mecanique, Physique, Chimie, Sciences de l’Univers, Sciences de la Terre, v. 314, p. 937-943.

Dickin, A.P., 1988, The North Atlantic Tertiary Province, in MacDougall, J.D., ed., Continental flood basalts: Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 111-149.

Dirks, P.H.G.M., Kröner, A., Jelsma, H.A., Sithole, T.A., and Vinyu, M.L., 1999, Structural relations and Pb-Pb zircon ages for the Makuti gneisses: evidence for a crustal-scale Pan-African shear zone in the Zambezi Belt, northwest Zimbabwe: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 28, p. 427-442.

Dmitriev, Y.I., and Bogatikov, O.A., 1996, Emeishan flood basalts, Yangtze platform: Indicators of an aborted oceanic environment?: Petrology, v. 4, no. 4, p. 407-418.

Doblas, M., Oyarzun, R., López-Ruiz, J., Cebriá, J.M., Youbi, N., Mahecha, V., Lago, M., Pocovi, A., and Cabanis, B., 1998, Permo-Carboniferous volcanism in Europe and northwest Africa: A superplume exhaust value in the centre of Pangaea?: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 26, no. 1, p. 89-99.

Dobretsov, N.N., Popov, N.V., Smelov, A.P., Bogomolova, L.M., Moscovchenko, N.I., and Barton, J.M., Jr., 1997, The Aldan-Stanovik Shield, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 710-725.

Doehler, J.S., and Heaman, L.M., 1998, 2.41 Ga U-Pb baddeleyite ages for two gabbroic dykes from the Widgiemooltha swarm, western Australia: A Yilgarn-Lewisian connection?: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 7, p. A291-292.

Dossin, T.M., Dossin, I.A., Charvet, J., Pouclet, A., and Lapierre, H., 1993, Late Proterozoic mafic dykes swarm from the Espinhaço Range (Minas Gerais, Brazil): Geochemistry and tectonic setting: Anais. II. Simpósio sobre o Cráton do São Francisco, SBG (Brazilian Geological Society)-SGM (Secretaria Geral de Minas) Salvador, p. 128-130.

Dow, D.B., and Gemuts, I., 1969, Geology of the Kimberley region, Western Australia; The east Kimberley: Canberra, Australia, AGSO Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, Bulletin No. 106, 135 p.

Drexel, J.F., Preiss, W.V., and Parker, A.J., 1993, The Geology of South Australia, Volume 1, The Precambrian: Geological Survey of South Australia, Bulletin 54, p. 242.

Druecker, M. D., and Gay, S.P., Jr., 1987, Mafic dyke swarms associated with Mesozoic rfiting in eastern Paraguay, South America, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 187-193.

Dudás, F.Ö., and Lustwerk, R.L., 1997, Geochemistry of the Little Dal basalts: continental tholeiites from the Mackenzie Mountains, Northwest Territories, Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 34, p. 50-58.

Dudàs, F.Ö., Davidson, A., and Bethune, K.M., 1994, Age of the Sudbury diabase dykes and their metamorphism in the Grenville Province, Ontario: Radiogenic age and isotopic studies, Report 8: Geological Survey of Canada, Current Research 1994-F, p. 97-106.

Duncan, A.R., Armstrong, R.A., Erlank, A.J., Marsh, J.S., and Watkins, R.T., 1990, MORB-related dolerites associated with the final phases of Karoo flood basalt volcanism in southern Africa, in Parker, A.J., Rickwood, P.C., and Tucker, D.H., eds., Mafic dykes and emplacement mechanisms: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 119-129.

Dunham, A.C., and Strasser-King, V.E.H., 1982, Late Carboniferous intrusions of northern Britain, in Sutherland, D.S., ed., Igneous rocks of the British Isles: New York, John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., p. 277-283.

Dunn, A.M., Reynolds, P.H., Clarke, D.B., and Ugidos, J.M., 1998, A comparison of the age and composition of the Shelburne dyke, Nova Scotia, and the Messejana dyke, Spain: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 35, p. 1110-1115.

Dunning, G.R., and Hodych, J.P., 1990, U/Pb zircon and baddeleyite ages for the Palisades and Gettysburg sills of the northeastern United States: Implications for the age of the Triassic/Jurassic boundary: Geology, v. 18, p. 795-798.

Eales, H.V., and Cawthorn, R.G., 1996, The Bushveld Complex, in Cawthorn, R.G., ed., Layered intrusions: Amsterdam, Elsevier, p. 181-229.

Eales, H.V., Marsh, J.S., and Cox, K.G., 1984, The Karoo igneous province: An introduction: Geological Society of South Africa Special Publication 13, p. 1-26.

Ebinger, C.J., Betchel, T.D., Forsyth, D.W., and Bowin, C.O., 1989, Effective elastic plate thickness beneath the East African and Afar plateaus and dynamic compensation of the uplifts: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 94, p. 2883-2901.

Ebinger, C.J., and Sleep, N.H., 1998, Cenozoic magmatism throughout east Africa resulting from impact of a single plume: Nature, v. 395, p. 788-791.

Eldholm, O., and Coffin, M.F., 2000, Large igneous provinces and plate tectonics, in Richards, M., Gordon, R., and Van der Hilst, R., eds., The history and dynamics of global plate motions: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 121, p. 309-326.

Eldholm, O., and Grue, K., 1994, North Atlantic volcanic margins: Dimensions and production rates: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 99, no. B2, p. 2955-2968.

Elliot, D.H., Fleming, T.H., Kyle, P.R., and Foland, K.A., 1999, Long-distance transport of magmas in the Jurassic Ferrar large igneous province, Antarctica: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 167, p. 89-104.

Ellis, D.J., and Wyborn, L.A.I., 1984, Petrology and geochemistry of Proterozoic dolerites from the Mount Isa inlier: Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics (Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia), v. 9, p. 19-32.

Elston, D.P., and McKee, E.H., 1992, Age and correlation of the late Proterozoic Grand Canyon disturbance, northern Arizona: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 93, p. 681-699.

Embry, A.F., and Osadetz, K.G., 1988, Stratigraphy and tectonic significance of Cretaceous volcanism in Queen Elizabeth Islands, Canadian Arctic Archipelago: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 25, p. 1209-1219.

Emeleus, C.H., 1982, The central complexes, in Sutherland, D.S., ed., Igneous rocks of the British Isles: New York, John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., p. 369-414.

Emeleus, C.H., Cheadle, M.J., Hunter, R.H., Upton, B.G.J., and Wadsworth, W.J., 1996, The Rum layered suite, in Cawthorn, R.G., ed., Layered intrusions: Amsterdam, Elsevier, p. 403-439.

Emslie, R.F., Hamilton, M.A., and Gower, C.F., 1997, The Michael Gabbro and other Mesoproterozoic lithospheric probes in southern and central Labrador: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 34, p. 1566-1580.

Emslie, R.F., Loveridge, W.D., and Stevens, R.D., 1984, The Mealy dykes, Labrador: petrology, age, and tectonic significance: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 21, p. 437-446.

Encarnación, J., Fleming, T.H., Elliot, D.H., and Eales, H.V., 1996, Synchronous emplacement of Ferrar and Karoo dolerites and the early breakup of Gondwana: Geology, v. 24, p. 535-538.

England, R.W., 1988, The early Tertiary stress regime in NW Britain: Evidence from the patterns of volcanic activity, in Morton, A.C., and Parson, L.M., eds., Early Tertiary volcanism and the opening of the NE Atlantic: Geological Society [London] Special Publication 39, p. 381-389.

Eriksson, P.G., Mazumder, R., Sarkar, S., Bose, P.K., Altermann, W., and van der Merwe, R., 1999, The 2.7 - 2.0 Ga volcano-sedimentary record of Africa, India and Australia: Evidence for global and local changes in sea level and continental freeboard: Precambrian Research, v. 97, p. 269-302.

Eriksson, P.G., and Reczko, B.F.F., 1995, The sedimentary and tectonic setting of the Transvaal Supergroup floor rocks to the Bushveld Complex: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 21, p. 487-504.

Ernst, R.E., 1994, Mapping the magma flow pattern in the Sudbury dyke swarm in Ontario using magnetic fabric analysis: Geological Survey of Canada, Current Research, 1994-E, p. 183-192.

Ernst, R.E., and Bell, K., 1992, Petrology of the Great Abitibi Dyke, Superior Province, Canada: Journal of Petrology, v. 33, p. 423-469.

Ernst, R.E., and Buchan, K.L., 1993, Paleomagnetism of the Abitibi dyke swarm, southern Superior Province, and implications for the Logan Loop: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 30, p. 1886-1897.

Ernst, R.E., and Buchan, K.L., 1997a, Giant radiating dyke swarms: Their use in identifying pre-Mesozoic large igneous provinces and mantle plumes, in Mahoney, J.J., and Coffin, M.F., eds., Large igneous provinces: Continental, oceanic, and planetary flood volcanism: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 100, p. 297-333.

Ernst, R.E., and Buchan, K.L., 1997b, Layered mafic intrusions: A model for their feeder systems and relationship with giant dyke swarms and mantle plume centres, in Hatton, C.J., ed., Special Issue on the Proceedings of the Plumes, Plates and Mineralisation '97 Symposium: South African Journal of Geology, v. 100, no. 4, p. 319-334.

Ernst, R.E., and Buchan, K.L., 1998, Arcuate dyke swarms associated with mantle plumes on Earth: Implications for Venusian coronae [extended abstract]: Houston, Texas, Lunar and Planetary Institute, v. 29, p. CD-ROM 1021.dpf.

Ernst, R.E., Buchan, K.L., Goutier, J., Leclair, A., and Lamothe, D., 1998, Reconnaissance paleomagnetic study of diabase dykes of James Bay and Ashuanipi regions of Quebec: Geological Association of Canada/Mineralogical Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts, v. 23, p. A-53.

Ernst, R.E., Buchan, K.L., Hamilton, M.A., Okrugin, A.V., and Tomshin, M.D., 2000, Integrated paleomagnetism and U-Pb geochronology of mafic dykes of eastern Anabar Shield region, Siberia: Implications for Mesoproterozoic paleolatitude of Siberia and comparison with Laurentia: The Journal of Geology, v. 108, p. 381-401.

Ernst, R.E., Buchan, K.L., and Palmer, H.C., 1995a, Giant dyke swarms: Characteristics, distribution and geotectonic applications, in Baer, G., and Heimann, A., eds., Physics and chemistry of dykes: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 3-21.

Ernst, R.E., Buchan, K.L., West, T.D., and Palmer, H.C., 1996, Diabase (dolerite) dyke swarms of the world, first edition: Geological Survey of Canada Open-File 3241 (includes map, scale 1:35 000 000 at equator, and 104 p. report).

Ernst, R.E., Head, J.W., Parfitt, E., Grosfils, E., and Wilson, L., 1995b, Giant radiating dyke swarms on Earth and Venus: Earth–Science Reviews, v. 39, p. 1-58.

Escher, J.C., 1980, Geological Map of Greenland, Sheet 4 (Upernavik Isfjord): Geological Survey of Greenland, scale 1:500 000.

Evans, T., 2000, Extent and nature of the 1200 Ma Wheatbelt dyke swarm, southwestern Australia [B.Sc. Honors thesis]: Perth, University of Western Australia.

Fahrig, W.F., 1987, The tectonic settings of continental mafic dyke swarms: Failed arm and early passive margin, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 331-348.

Fahrig, W.F., Christie, K.W., Chown, E.H., Janes, D., and Machado, N., 1986, The tectonic significance of some basic dyke swarms in the Canadian Superior Province with special reference to the geochemistry and paleomagnetism of the Mistassini swarm, Quebec, Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 23, p. 238-253.

Fahrig, W.F., Christie, K.W., Eade, K.E., and Tella, S., 1984, Paleomagnetism of the Tulemalu dykes, Northwest Territories, Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 21, p. 544-553.

Fahrig, W.F., and Freda, G., 1975, Paleomagnetism of the Mesozoic Coast Parallel dolerite dikes of West Greenland: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 12, p. 1244-1248.

Fahrig, W.F., and West, T.D., 1986, Diabase dyke swarms of the Canadian shield: Geological Survey of Canada, Map 1627A, scale ~1:4 873 900, 1 sheet.

Fanning, C.M., Flint, R.B., Parker, A.J., Ludwig, K.R., and Blissett, A.H., 1988, Refined Proterozoic evolution of the Gawler Craton, South Australia, through U-Pb zircon geochronology: Precambrian Research, v. 40-41, p. 363-386.

Fedorenko, V.A., Lightfoot, P.C., Naldrett, A.J., Czamanske, G.K., Hawkesworth, C.J., Wooden, J.L., and Ebel, D.S., 1996, Petrogenesis of the flood-basalt sequence at Noril'sk, north central Siberia: International Geology Review, v. 38, p. 99-135.

Ferguson, J., and Needham, R.S., 1978, The Zamu dolerite: A Lower Proterozoic preorogenic continental tholeiitic suite from the Northern Territory, Australia: Geological Society of Australia, Journal, v. 25, no. 6, p. 309-322.

Ferreira Filho, C.F., 1998, Geology and petrology of the large layered intrusions of central Brazil: Implications for PGE mineralization, in 8th International Platinum Symposium: The Geological Society of South Africa and the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Symposium Series, v. 18, Abstracts, p. 107-110.

Ferreira Filho, C.F., and Pimentel, M.M., 2000, Sm-Nd isotope systematics and REE data for leucotroctolites and their amphibolitized equivalents of the Niquelândia Complex upper layered series, central Brazil: Further constraints for the timing of magmatism and high-grade metamorphism: Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 13, p. 647-659.

Ferreira-Filho, C.F., Kamo, S.L., Fuck, R.A., Krogh, T.E., and Naldrett, A.J., 1994, Zircon and rutile U-Pb geochronology of the Niquelândia layered mafic and ultramafic intrusion, Brazil: Constraints for the timing of magmatism and high grade metamorphism: Precambrian Research, v. 68, p. 241-255.

Ferreira-Filho, C.F., Nilson, A.A., and Naldrett, A.J., 1992, The Niquelândia mafic-ultramafic complex, Goiás, Brazil: A contribution to the ophiolite x stratiform controversy based on new geological and structural data: Precambrian Research, v. 59, p. 125-143.

Ferris, J., Johnson, A., and Storey, B., 1998, Form and extent of the Dufek intrusion, Antarctica, from newly compiled aeromagnetic data: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 154, p. 185-202.

Findlay, J.M., Parrish, R.R., Birkett, T.C., and Watanabe, D.H., 1995, U-Pb ages from the Nimish formation and Montagnais glomeroporphyritic gabbro of the central New Québec orogen, Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 32, p. 1208-1220.

Fitton, M.J., Horowitz, R.C., and Sylvester, G., 1975, Stratigraphy of the early Precambrian in the western Pilbara, Western Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Minerals Research Laboratories, Report FP11, 24 p. + references + tables + appendix.

Fleming, T.H., Heimann, A., Foland, K.A., and Elliot, D.H., 1997, 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of Ferrar dolerite sills from the Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica: Implications for the age and origin of the Ferrar magmatic province: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 109, p. 533-546.

Fletcher, I.R., Rosman, K.J.R., Williams, I.R., Hickman, A.H., and Baxter, J.L., 1984, Sm-Nd geochronology of greenstone belts in the Yilgarn Block, Western Australia: Precambrian Research, v. 26, p. 333-361.

Fodor, R.V., Sial, A.N., Mukasa, S.B., and McKee, E.H., 1990, Petrology, isotope characteristics, and K-Ar ages of the Maranhão, northern Brazil, Mesozoic basalt province: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 104, p. 555-567.

Ford, A.B., 1990, The Dufek Intrusion of Antarctica, in Splettstoesser, J.F., and Dreschhoff, G.A.M., eds., Mineral Resources Potential of Antarctica: Antarctic Research Series, v. 51, p. 15-32.

Francis, D., 1994, Chemical interaction between picritic magmas and upper crust along margins of the Muskox Intrusion, Northwest Territories: Geological Survey of Canada Paper 92-12, 94 p.

Franssen, L., and André, L., 1988, The Zadinian group (Late Proterozoic, Zaire) and its bearing on the origin of the West-Congo orogenic belt: Precambrian Research, v. 38, p. 215-234.

Franz, G., Steiner, G., Volker, F., Pudlo, D., and Hammerschmidt, K., 1999, Plume related alkaline magmatism in central Africa – the Meidob Hills (W Sudan): Chemical Geology, v. 157, p. 27-47.

Frey, F.A., Coffin, M.F., Wallace, P.J., Weis, D., Zhao, X., Wise, S.W., Jr., Wähnert, V., Teagle, D.A.H., Saccocia, P.J., Reusch, D.N., Pringle, M.S., Nicolaysen, K.E., Neal, C.R., Müller, R.D., Moore, C.L., Mahoney, J.J., Keszthelyi, L., Inokuchi, H., Duncan, R.A., Delius, H., Damuth, J.E., Damasceno, D., Coxall, H.K., Borre, M.K., Boehm, F., Barling, J., Arndt, N.T., and Antretter, M., 2000, Origin and evolution of a submarine large igneous province: The Kerguelen Plateau and Broken Ridge, southern Indian Ocean: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 176, p. 73-89.

Frimmel, H.E., and Frank, W., 1998, Neoproterozoic tectono-thermal evolution of the Gariep Belt and its basement, Namibia and South Africa: Precambrian Research, v. 90, p. 1-28.

Frimmel, H.E., Hartnady, C.J.H., and Koller, F., 1996a, Geochemistry and tectonic setting of magmatic units in the Pan-African Gariep Belt, Namibia: Chemical Geology, v. 130, p. 101-121.

Frimmel, H.E., Klötzli, U.S., and Siegfried, P.R., 1996b, New Pb-Pb single zircon age constraints on the timing of Neoproterozoic glaciation and continental break-up in Namibia: The Journal of Geology, v. 104, p. 459-469.


G-H-I

Garetsky, R.G., and Zinovenko, G.V., 1994, Vendian volcanism in the East-European Platform west, in Leonov, Y.G., Antipov, M.P., Morozov, A.F., and Solodilov, L.N., eds., Tectonics and magmatism of East-European Platform (in Russian): Moscow, KMK Scientific Press, Ltd., p. 176-182.

Garzanti, E., Le Fort, P., and Sciunnach, D., 1999, First report of Lower Permian basalts in South Tibet: Tholeiitic magmatism during break-up and incipient opening of Neotethys: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, v. 17, p. 533-546.

Geological Survey of Western Australia, 1990, Geology and Mineral Resources of Western Australia: Western Australia Geological Survey Memoir 3, 827 p.

George, R., Rogers, N., and Kelley, S., 1998, Earliest magmatism in Ethiopia: Evidence for two mantle plumes in one flood basalt province: Geology, v. 26, no. 10, p. 923-926.

Gibb, F.G.F., and Kanaris-Sotiriou, R., 1988, The geochemistry and origin of the Faeroe-Shetland sill complex, in Morton, A.C., and Parson, L., eds., Early Tertiary volcanism and the opening of the NE Atlantic: Geological Society [London] Special Publication 39, p. 241-252.

Gibbs, A.K., 1987, Contrasting styles of continental mafic intrusions in the Guiana Shield, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 457-465.

Gilbert, C.M., ed., 1986, Petrology of the Cambrian Wichita Mountains Igneous Suite: Norman, Oklahoma Geological Survey, Guidebook 23, 188 p.

Giles, C.W., 1988, Petrogenesis of the Proterozoic Gawler Range volcanics, South Australia: Precambrian Research, v. 40-41, p. 407-427.

Gill, R.C.O., Nielsen, T.F.D., Brooks, C.K., and Ingram, G.A., 1988, Tertiary volcanism in the Kangerdlugssuaq region, E Greenland: Trace-element geochemistry of the Lower Basalts and tholeiitic dyke swarms, in Morton, A.C., and Parson, L.M., eds., Early Tertiary volcanism and the opening of the NE Atlantic: Geological Society [London] Special Publication 39, p. 161-179.

Glikson, A.Y., Stewart, A.J., Ballhaus, C.G., Clarke, G.L., Feeken, E.H.J., Leven, J. H., Sheraton, J.W., and Sun, S.-S., eds., 1996, Geology of the western Musgrave Block, central Australia, with particular reference to the mafic-ultramafic Giles Complex: Australian Geological Survey Organisation Bulletin 239, 206 p.

Goldberg, S.A., and Butler, J.R., 1990, Late Proterozoic rift-related dykes of the southern and central Appalachians, eastern USA, in Parker, A.J., Rickwood, P. C., and Tucker, D.H., eds., Mafic dykes and emplacement mechanisms: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 131-144.

Goldberg, S.A., Butler, J.R., and Fullagar, P.D., 1986, The Bakersville dike swarm: Geochronology and petrogenesis of Late Proterozoic basaltic magmatism in the southern Appalachian Blue Ridge: American Journal of Science, v. 286, p. 403-430.

Goodwin, A.M., 1991, Precambrian geology: The dynamic evolution of the continental crust: London, Academic Press, 666 p.

Gorbatschev, R., Lindh, A., Solyom, Z., Laitakari, I., Aro, K., Lobach-Zhuchenko, S.B., Markov, M.S., Ivliev, A.I., and Bryhni, I., 1987, Mafic dyke swarms of the Baltic Shield, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 361-372.

Gose, W.A., Helper, M.A., Connelly, J.N., Hutson, F.E., and Dalziel, I.W.D., 1997, Paleomagnetic data and U-Pb isotopic age determinations from Coats Land, Antarctica: Implications for late Proterozoic plate reconstructions: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 102, no. B4, p. 7887-7902.

Goutier, J., Doucet, P., Dion, C., Beausoleil, C., David, J., Parent, M., and Dion, D.-J., 1998, Géologie de la région du Lac Kowskatehkakmow (SNRC 33F/06), RG 98-16: Quebec, Canada, Ministère des Ressources Naturelles, 48 p.

Gower, C.F., Rivers, T., and Brewer, T.S., 1990, Middle Proterozoic mafic magmatism in Labrador, eastern Canada, in Gower, C.F., Rivers, T., and Ryan, B., eds., Mid-Proterozoic Laurentia-Baltica: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 38, p. 485-506.

Green, J.C., Bornhorst, T.J., Chandler, V.W., Mudrey, M.G., Jr., Myers, P.E., Pesonen, L.J., and Wilband, J.T., 1987, Keweenawan dykes of the Lake Superior region: Evidence for evolution of the Middle Proterozoic Midcontinent rift of North America, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 289-302.

Greenough, J.D., and Hodych, J.P., 1990, Evidence for lateral magma injection in the Early Mesozoic dykes of eastern North America, in Parker, A.J., Rickwood, P. C., and Tucker, D.H., eds., Mafic dykes and emplacement mechanisms: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 35-46.

Gresse, P.G., and Scheepers, R., 1993, Neoproterozoic to Cambrian (Namibian) rocks of South Africa: A geochronological and geotectonic review: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 16, p. 375-393.

Grey, K., 1990, Birrindudu basin, Geology and Mineral Resources of Western Australia: Geological Survey of Western Australia Memoir 3, p. 349-362.

Griffiths, R.W., and Campbell, I.H., 1990, Stirring and structure in mantle starting plumes: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 99, p. 66-78.

Griffiths, R.W., and Campbell, I.H., 1991, Interaction of mantle plume heads with the earth's surface and onset of small-scale convection: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 96, p. 18295-18310.

Grobler, D.F., and Walraven, F., 1993, Geochronology of Gaborone Granite Complex extensions in the area north of Mafikeng, South Africa: Chemical Geology, v. 105, p. 319-337. 

Gruau, G., Martin, H., Leveque, B., Capdevila, R., and Marot, A., 1985, Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd geochronology of Lower Proterozoic granite greensote terrains in French Guiana, South America: Precambrian Research, v. 30, p. 63-80.

Gupta, A., Basu, A., and Ghosh, P.K., 1980, The Proterozoic ultramafic and mafic lavas of the Dalma greenstone belt, Singhbhum, eastern India: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 17, p. 210-231.

Gupta, A., Basu, A., and Ghosh, P.K., 1982, Ultramafic volcaniclastics of the Precambrian Dalma volcanic belt, Singhbhum, eastern India: Geological Magazine, v. 119, p. 505-510.

Gupta, A., Basu, A., and Singh, S.K., 1985, Stratigraphy and petrochemistry of Dhanjori greenstone belt, eastern India: Quarterly Journal of the Geological, Mining and Metallurgical Society of India, v. 57, p. 248-263.

Gupta, A.K., Basu, A., and Srivastava, D., 1981, Mafic and ultramafic volcanism of Ongarbira greenstone belt, Singhbhum, Bihar: Journal of the Geological Society of India, v. 22, p. 593-596.

Hall, A., 1996, Igneous Petrology (second edition): England, Longman Group Ltd., 551 p.

Hall, R.P., and Hughes, D.J., 1987, Noritic dykes of southern West Greenland: Early Proterozoic boninitic magmatism: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 97, p. 169-182.

Halls, H.C., 1982, The importance and potential of mafic dyke swarms in studies of geodynamic processes: Geoscience Canada, v. 9, no. 3, p. 145-154.

Halls, H.C., 1986, Paleomagnetism, structure, and longitudinal correlation of Middle Precambrian dykes from northwestern Ontario and Minnesota: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 23, p. 142-157.

Halls, H.C., 1991, The Matachewan dyke swarm, Canada: an early Proterozoic magnetic field reversal: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 105, p. 279-292.

Halls, H.C., Burns, K.G., Bullock, S.J., and Batterham, P.M., 1987, Mafic dyke swarms of Tanzania interpreted from aeromagnetic data, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 173-186.

Halls, H.C., Campal, N., Davis, D.W., and Bossi, J., 2001, Magnetic studies and U-Pb geochronology of the Uruguayan dyke swarm, Rio de la Plata craton, Uruguay: Paleomagnetic and economic implications: Journal of South American Earth Sciences (in press).

Halls, H.C., and Heaman, L. M., 2000, The paleomagnetic significance of new U-Pb age data from the Molson dyke swarm, Cauchon Lake area, Manitoba: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 37, p. 957-966.

Halls, H.C., and Zhang Baoxing, 1998, Uplift structure of the southern Kapuskasing zone from 2.45 Ga dike swarm displacement: Geology, v. 26, p. 67-70.

Halls, H.C., Li Jianghai, Davis, D., Hou Guiting, Zhang Baoxing, and Qian Xianglin, 2000, A precisely dated Proterozoic palaeomagnetic pole from the North China craton, and its relevance to paleocontinental reconstruction: Geophysical Journal International, v. 143, p. 185-203.

Hames, W., Renne, P., and Ruppel, C., 1999, A test of an instantaneous emplacement for Earth's largest igneous province: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 31, no. 7, p. A430.

Hamilton, M.A., 1993, Preliminary report on the geology of the Mugford Group volcanics, northern coastal Labrador: Geological Survey of Canada, Current Research, Part C, Paper 93-1C, p. 349-357.

Hamilton, M.A., 1994, Tholeiitic and weakly alkalic basaltic volcanism of the Mugford Group, northern Labrador: Preliminary geochemical results: Geological Survey of Canada, Current Research 1994-C, p. 333-342.

Hamilton, M.A., and Emslie, R.F., 1997, Mealy dykes, Labrador, revisited: U-Pb baddeleyite age and implications for the eastern Grenville Province: Geological Association of Canada/Mineralogical Association of Canada, Abstract Volume, v. 22, p. A-62.

Hamilton, M.A., Goutier, J., and Matthews, W., 2001, U-Pb baddeleyite age for the Paleoproterozoic Lac Esprit dyke swarm, James Bay region, Quebec, in Radiogenic Age and Isotopic Studies, Report 14: Geological Survey of Canada, Current Research 2001-F (in press).

Hamilton, M.A., Ryan, A.B., Emslie, R.F., and Ermanovics, I.F., 1998, Identification of Paleoproterozoic anorthositic and monzonitic rocks in the vicinity of the Mesoproterozoic Nain Plutonic Suite, Labrador: U-Pb evidence, in Radiogenic age and isotopic studies, Report 11: Geological Survey of Canada, Current Research 1998-F, p. 23-40.

Hammond, J.G., 1990, Middle Proterozoic diabase intrusions in the southwestern U.S.A. as indicators of limited extensional tectonism, in Gower, C.F., Rivers, T., and Ryan, B., eds., Mid-Proterozoic Laurentia-Baltica: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 38, p. 517-531.

Hammond, J.G., and Wooden, J.L., 1990, Isotopic constraints on the petrogenesis of Proterozoic diabase in southwestern USA, in Parker, A.J., Rickwood, P.C., and Tucker, D.H., eds., Mafic dykes and emplacement mechanisms: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 145-156.

Hanley, L.M., 2000, The north Australian low-Ti Antrim plateau flood basalt province, in Penrose 2000: Volcanic rifted margins: Royal Holloway, University of London, Department of Geology, p. 29-30.

Hanley, L.M., and Wingate, M.T.D., 2000, SHRIMP zircon age for an Early Cambrian dolerite dyke: an intrusive phase of the Antrim Plateau volcanics of northern Australia: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 47, p. 1029-1040.

Hansen, K., 1980, Lamprophyres and carbonatitic lamprophyres related to rifting in the Labrador Sea: Lithos, v. 13, p. 145-152.

Hanson, R.E., Martin, M.W., Bowring, S.A., and Munyanyiwa, H., 1998, U-Pb zircon age for the Umkondo dolerites, eastern Zimbabwe: 1.1 Ga large igneous province in southern Africa – East Antartica and possible Rodinia correlations: Geology, v. 26, no. 12, p. 1143-1146.

Hanson, R.E., Wilson, T.J., and Munyanyiwa, H., 1994, Geologic evolution of the Neoproterozoic Zambezi orogenic belt in Zambia: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 18, no. 2, p. 135-150.

Hanson, R.E, Hargrove, U.S., Martin, M.W., Bowring, S.A., Krol, M.A., Hodges, K.V., Munyanyiwa, H., and Blenkinsop, T.G., 1998, New geochronological constraints on the tectonic evolution of the Pan-African Zambezi Belt, south central Africa: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 27/1a, p. 104-105.

Hargraves, R.B., Rehacek, J., and Hooper, P.R., 1997, Paleomagnetism of the Karoo igneous rocks in southern Africa: South African Journal of Geology, v. 100, no. 2, p. 195-212.

Harlan, S.S., 1993a, New paleomagnetic results from Middle and Late Proterozoic intrusive rocks of the central and southern Rocky Mountains: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Program, v. 25, p. 48.

Harlan, S.S., 1993b, Paleomagnetism of Middle Proterozoic diabase sheets from central Arizona: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 30, p. 1415-1426.

Harlan, S.S., Geissman, J.W., and Snee, L.W., 1997, Paleomagnetic and 40Ar/39Ar geochronologic data from Late Proterozoic mafic dikes and sills, Montana and Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1580, 18p.

Harris, L.B., and Li, Z.-X., 1995, Palaeomagnetic dating and tectonic significance of dolerite intrusions in the Albany Mobile Belt, Western Australia: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 131, p. 143-164.

Hattingh, P.J., and de Wet, J.A.J., 1996, A palaeomagnetic investigation of the Insizwa intrusives: South African Journal of Geology, v. 99, no. 3, p. 221-228.

Hatton, C.J., 1995, Mantle plume origin for the Bushveld and Ventersdorp magmatic provinces, in Eriksson, P.G., and Reczko, B.F.F., eds., Constraints on the origin of layered intrusions–the Bushveld Complex, South Africa: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 21, no. 4, p. 571-577.

Hatton, C. J., and Von Gruenewaldt, G., 1990, Early Precambrian layered intrusions, in Hall, R.P., and Hughes, D.J., eds., Early Precambrian basic magmatism: New York, Chapman and Hall, p. 56-82.

Havenga, A.T., 1995, Precambrian mafic dyke swarms on the eastern border of the Kaapvaaal craton, South Africa, in Third International Dyke Conference, Jerusalem, Israel, Program and Abstracts: Geological Survey of Israel, Israel Geological Society, Hebrew University (Jerusalem) and Ben Gurion University of the Negev (Be’er Sheva), p. 34.

Hawkes, D.D., 1966, Differentiation of the Tumatumari-Kopinang dolerite intursion, British Guiana: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 77, p. 1131-1158.

Heaman, L., 1991, U-Pb dating of giant radiating dyke swarms: Potential for global correlation of mafic magmatic events, in International Symposium on Mafic Dykes: São Paulo, Brazil, Extended Abstracts, 3o Congresso Brasileira de Geoquímica --1o Congresso de Geoquímica dos Países de Língua Portuguesa, p. 7-9.

Heaman, L.M., 1994, 2.45 Ga global mafic magmatism: Earth's oldest superplume?, in Lanphere, M.A., Dalrymple, G.B., and Turrin, B.D., eds., Eighth International Conference on Geochronology, Cosmochronology and Isotope Geology, Program with Abstracts (Berkeley, California): U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1107, p. 132.

Heaman, L.M., 1995, U-Pb dating of mafic rocks: Past, present and future: Geological Association of Canada/Mineralogical Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts, v. 20, p. A43.

Heaman, L.M., 1997, Global mafic magmatism at 2.45 Ga: Remnants of an ancient large igneous province?: Geology, v. 25, no. 4, p. 299-302.

Heaman, L.M., and Corkery, T., 1996, U-Pb geochronology of the Split Lake block, Manitoba: Preliminary results, in Hajnal, Z., and Lewry, J., eds., Lithoprobe, Trans-Hudson Orogen Transect: Report of Sixth Transect Meeting, no. 55, p. 60-68.

Heaman, L.M., and Grotzinger, J.P., 1992, 1.08 Ga diabase sills in the Pahrump Group, California: Implications for development of the Cordilleran miogeocline: Geology, v. 20, p. 637-640.

Heaman, L.M., and LeCheminant, A.N., 1993, Paragenesis and U-Pb systematics of baddeleyite (ZrO2): Chemical Geology, v. 110, p. 95-126.

Heaman, L.M., LeCheminant, A.N., and Rainbird, R.H., 1992, Nature and timing of Franklin igneous events, Canada: Implications for a Late Proterozoic mantle plume and the break-up of Laurentia: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 109, p. 117-131.

Heaman, L.M., and Machado, N., 1992, Timing and origin of Midcontinent rift alkaline magmatism, North America: Evidence from the Coldwell Complex: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 110, p. 289-303.

Heaman, L.M., Machado, N., Krogh, T.E., and Weber, W., 1986, Precise U-Pb zircon ages for the Molson dyke swarm and the Fox River sill: Constraints for Early Proterozoic crustal evolution in northeastern Manitoba, Canada: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 94, p. 82-89.

Heaman, L.M., and Tarney, J., 1989, U-Pb baddeleyite ages for the Scourie dyke swarm, Scotland: Evidence for two distinct intrusion events: Nature, v. 340, p. 705-708.

Hegner, E., Kröner, A., and Hofmann, A.W., 1984, Age and isotope geochemistry of the Archaean Pongola and Usushwana suites in Swaziland, southern Africa: A case for crustal contamination of mantle-derived magma: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 70, p. 267-279.

Heimann, A., Fleming, T.H., Elliot, D.H., and Foland, K.A., 1994, A short interval of Jurassic continental flood basalt volcanism in Antarctica as demonstrated by 40Ar/39Ar geochronology: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 121, p. 19-41.

Henderson, J.B., 1985, Geology of the Yellowknife–Hearne Lake area, District of Mackenzie: A segment across an Archean basin: Geological Survey of Canada, Memoir 414, 135 p.

Hickman, A.H., 1983, Geology of the Pilbara Block and its environs: Geological Survey of Western Australia, Bulletin 127, 266 p.

Hickman, A.H., and Lipple, S.L., 1978, Marble Bar, Western Australia (second edition): Western Australia Geological Survey, Geological Series Explanatory Notes, scale 1:250 000.

Higgins, M.D., and van Breemen, O., 1998, The age of the Sept Iles layered mafic intrusion, Canada: Implications for the late Neoproterozoic/ Cambrian history of southeastern Canada: The Journal of Geology, v. 106, no. 4, p. 421-431.

Hill, B.M., Bickford, M.E., Stern, R., and Knoper, M.W., 1999, Bimodal volcanism in the Paleoproterozoic of central Colorado: Insights into tectonic setting from new SHRIMP zircon data: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 31, no. 7, p. A259.

Hill, R.I., 1991, Starting plumes and continental break-up: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 104, p. 398-416.

Hirdes, W., and Davis, D.W., 1998, First U-Pb zircon age of extrusive volcanism in the Birimian Supergroup of Ghana/West Africa: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 27, no. 2, p. 291-294.

Hirdes, W., Davis, D.W., Lüdtke, G., and Konan, G., 1996, Two generations of Birimian (Paleoproterozoic) volcanic belts in northeastern Côte d'Ivoire (West Africa): Consequences for the 'Birimian controversy': Precambrian Research, v. 80, p. 173-191.

Hoal, B.G., 1993, The Proterozoic Sinclair sequence in southern Namibia: Intracratonic rift or active continental margin setting: Precambrian Research, v. 63, p. 143-162.

Hoatson, D., 1993, Correlation of structurally disrupted layered ultramafic-mafic intrusions in the East Kimberley: Is Big Ben part of the Panton intrusion?: Australian Geological Survey Organization Research Newsletter, v. 19, p. 9-10.

Hoatson, D., and Tyler, I., 1993, Prospective layered mafic-ultramafic intrusions in the East Kimberley: Australian Geological Survey Organization Research Newsletter, v. 18, p. 8-9.

Hoatson, D.M., and Blake, D.H., eds., 2000, Geology and economic potential of the palaeoproterozoic layered mafic-ultramafic layered intrusions in the East Kimberley, Western Australia: Australian Geological Survey Organisation Bulletin 246, 496 p.

Hoatson, D.M., Wallace, D.A., Sun, S.S., Macias, L.F., Simpson, C.J., and Keays, R.R., 1992, Petrology and platinum-group-element geochemistry of Archaean layered mafic-ultramafic intrusions, West Pilbara Block, Western Australia: Australian Geological Survey Organization Bulletin 242, 319 p.

Hoek, J.D., and Seitz, H.-M., 1995, Continental mafic dyke swarms as tectonic indicators: An example from the Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica: Precambrian Research, v. 75, p. 121-139.

Hofmann, C., Courtillot, V., Féraud, G., Rochette, P., Virgu, G., Ketefo, E., and Pik, R., 1997, Timing of the Ethiopian flood basalt event and implications for plume birth and global change: Nature, v. 389, p. 838-841.

Hogan, J.P., Gilbert, M.C., Hames, W.E., and Wright, J.E., 1995, Magmatic history of an ancient crustal rift: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 27, p. A436.

Hogan, J.P., Gilbert, M.C., Price, J.D., Wright, J.E., Deggeller, M., and Hames, W.E., 1996, Magmatic evolution of the Southern Oklahoma Aulacogen: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 28, no. 1, p. 19.

Hollings, P.N., Wyman, D., and Kerrich, R., 1999, Komatiite-basalt-rhyolite volcanic associations in northern Superior Province greenstone belts: Significance of plume-arc interaction in the generation of the proto continental Superior Province: Lithos, v. 46, p. 137-161.

Hollings, P.N., 1998, Geochemistry of the Uchi Subprovince, Northern Superior Province: An evaluation of the geodynamic evolution of the northern margin of the Superior Province ocean basin [Ph.D. thesis]: Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, University of Saskatchewan, 285 p.

Hooper, P.R., 1997, The Columbia River flood basalt province: Current status, in Mahoney, J.J., and Coffin, M.F., eds., Large igneous provinces: Continental, oceanic, and planetary flood volcanism: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 100, p. 1-27.

Horwitz, R.C., and Pidgeon, R.T., 1993, 3.1 Ga tuff from the Scholl Belt in the West Pilbara: Further evidence for diachronous volcanism in the Pilbara Craton of Western Australia: Precambrian Research, v. 60, p. 175-184.

Houston, R.S., and Graff, P.J., 1995, Geologic map of Precambrian rocks of the Sierra Madre, Carbon County, Wyoming, and Jackson and Routt Counties, Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey, Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2452., scale 1:50 000, 1 sheet.

Howard, K.A., 1991, Intrusion of horizontal dikes: tectonic significance of Middle Proterozoic diabase sheets widespread in the upper crust of the southwestern United States: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 96, p. 12461-12478.

Höy, T., 1989, The age, chemistry, and tectonic setting of the Middle Proterozoic Moyie sills, Purcell Supergroup, southeastern British Columbia: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 26, p. 2305-2317.

Huhma, H., 1986, Sm-Nd, U-Pb and Pb-Pb isotopic evidence for the origin of the early Proterozoic Svecokarelian crust in Finland: Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 337, 48 p.

Huhma, H., Cliff, R.A., Perttunen, V., and Sakko, M., 1990, Sm-Nd and Pb isotopic study of mafic rocks associated with early Proterozoic continental rifting: The Peräpohja schist belt in northern Finland: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 104, no. 3, p. 369-379.

Hulbert, L.J., 1997, Geology and metallogeny of the Kluane mafic-ultramafic belt, Yukon Territory, Canada: Eastern Wrangellia — a new Ni-Cu-PGE metallogenic terrane: Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 506, 265 p.

Hunter, D.R., 1970, The geology of the Usushwana Complex in Swaziland: Geological Society of South Africa Special Publication, v. 1, p. 645-660.

Hunter, D.R., and Halls, H.C., 1992, A geochemical study of a Precambrian mafic dyke swarm, eastern Transvaal, South Africa: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 15, p. 153-168.

Hunter, D.R., and Reid, D.L., 1987, Mafic dyke swarms in southern Africa, in Halls, H. C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 445-456.

Iasky, R.P., 1990, Officer Basin, Geology and Mineral Resources of Western Australia: Geological Survey of Western Australia Memoir 3, p. 362-380.

Indares, A., 1993, Eclogitized gabbros from the eastern Grenville Province: Textures, metamorphic context and implications: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 30, p. 159-173.

Isachsen, Y.W., Kelley, W.A., Sinton, C., Coish, R.A., and Heisler, M.T., 1988, Dikes of the northeast Adirondack region: Their distribution, orientation, mineralogy, chronology, chemistry and mystery: New York Geological Association 60th annual Field Trip Guidebook, p. 215-243.

Isles, D.J., and Cooke, A.C., 1990, Spatial associations between post-cratonisation dykes and gold deposits in the Yilgarn Block, Western Australia, in Parker, A.J., Rickwood, P.C., and Tucker, D.H., eds., Mafic dykes and emplacement mechanisms: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 157-162.

Isley, A.E., and Abbott, D.H., 1999, Plume-related mafic volcanism and the deposition of banded iron formation: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 104, no. B7, p. 15461-15477.

Jahn, B.-M., and Ernst, W.G., 1990, Late-Archean Sm-Nd isochron age for mafic ultramafic suprascrustal amphibolites from the northeastern Sino-Korean craton, China: Precambrian Research, v. 46, p. 295-306.


J-K-L

Jefferson, C.W., Hulbert, L.J., Rainbird, R.H., Hall, G.E.M., Grégoire, D.C., and Grinenko, L.I., 1994, Mineral resource assessment of the Neoproterozoic Franklin igneous events of Arctic Canada: Comparison with the Permo-Triassic Noril'sk Talnakh Ni-Cu-PGE deposits of Russia: Geological Survey of Canada Open-File 2789, 48 p.

Jepsen, H.F., Kalsbeek, F., and Suthren, R.J., 1980, The Zig-Zag Dal basalt formation, north Greenland: Rapport – Grønlands Geologiske Undersgelse, v. 99, p. 25-32.

Johansson, L., and Johansson, Å., 1990, Isotope geochemistry and age relationships of mafic intrusions along the Protogine Zone, southern Sweden: Precambrian Research, v. 48, p. 395-414.

Johnston, S.T., Wynne, P.J., Francis, D., Hart, C.J.R., Enkin, R.J., and Engebretson, D.C., 1996, Yellowstone in Yukon: The Late Cretaceous Carmacks Group: Geology, v. 24, no. 11, p. 997-1000.

Kallio, J., 1987, Diabase dykes of the Joutsa area (in Finnish), in Aro, K., and Laitakari, I., eds., Diabases and other mafic dyke rocks in Finland: Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 76, p. 117-120.

Kalsbeek, F., and Jepsen, H.F., 1983, The Midsommersø dolerites and associated intrusions in the Proterozoic platform of eastern North Greenland: A study of the interaction between intrusive basic magma and sialic crust: Journal of Petrology, v. 24, no. 4, p. 605-634.

Kalsbeek, F., Larsen, L.M., and Bondam, J., 1990, Descriptive text with Sydgronland, Sheet 1, Geological Map of Greenland Scale 1:500 000: Geological Survey of Greenland.

Kalsbeek, F., and Taylor, P.N., 1986, Chemical and isotopic homogeneity of a 400 km long basic dyke in central West Greenland: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 93, p. 439-448.

Kamo, S.L., Czamanske, G.K., and Krogh, T.E., 1996, A minimum U-Pb age for the Siberian flood basalt volcanism: Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, v. 60, p. 3505-3511.

Kamo, S.L., and Davis, D.W., 1994, Reassessment of Archean crustal development in the Barberton Mountain Land, South Africa, based on U-Pb dating: Tectonics, v. 13, p. 167-192.

Kamo, S.L., Gower, C.F., and Krogh, T.E., 1989, Birthdate for the Iapetus Ocean?: A precise U-Pb zircon and baddeleyite age for the Long Range dikes, southeast Labrador: Geology, v. 17, p. 602-605.

Kamo, S.L., Krogh, T.E., and Kumarapeli, P.S., 1995, Age of the Grenville dyke swarm, Ontario-Quebec: Implications for the timing of Iapetan rifting: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 32, p. 273-280.

Kargi, H., and Barnes, C.G., 1995, A Grenville-age layered intrusion in the subsurface of West Texas: Petrology, petrography, and possible tectonic setting: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 32, no. 12, p. 2159-2166.

Keller, G.R., Hills, J.M., Baker, M.R., and Wallin, E.T., 1989, Geophysical and geochronological constraints on the extent and age of mafic intrusions in the basement of west Texas and eastern New Mexico: Geology, v. 17, p. 1049-1052.

Kempton, P.D., Fitton, J.G., Saunders, A.D., Nowell, G.M., Taylor, R.N., Hardarson, B.S., and Pearson, G., 2000, The Iceland plume in space and time: A Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf study of the North Atlantic rifted margin: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 177, p. 255-271.

Kent, W., Saunders, A.D., Kempton, P.D., and Ghose, N.C., 1997, Rajmahal basalts, eastern India: Mantle sources and melt distribution at a volcanic rifted margin, in Mahoney, J.J., and Coffin, M.F., eds., Large igneous provinces: Continental, oceanic, and planetary flood volcanism: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 100, p. 145-182.

Kerr, A.C., Tarney, J., Marriner, G.F., Nivia, A., and Saunders, A.D., 1997, The Caribbean-Colombian Cretaceous igneous province: The internal anatomy of an oceanic plateau, in Mahoney, J.J., and Coffin, M.F., eds., Large igneous provinces: Continental, oceanic, and planetary flood volcanism: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 100, p. 123-144.

Kerr, A.C., White, R.V., and Saunders, A.D., 2000, LIP reading: Recognizing oceanic plateaux in the geological record: Journal of Petrology, v. 41, p. 1041-1056.

Kerrich, R., Wyman, D., Hollings, P., and Polat, A., 1999, Variability of Nb/U and Th/La in 3.0 to 2.7 Ga Superior Province ocean plateau basalts: Implications for the timing of continental growth and lithosphere recycling: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 168, p. 101-115.

Ketchum, J.W.F., and Davidson, A., 2000, Crustal architecture and tectonic assembly of the Central Gneiss Belt, southwestern Grenville Province, Canada: A new interpretation: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 37, p. 217-234.

Kimura, G., Sakakibara, M., and Okamura, M., 1994, Plumes in central Panthalassa? Deductions from accreted oceanic fragments in Japan: Tectonics, v. 13, no. 4, p. 905-916.

Kislov, E.V., Konnikov, E.G., Posokhov, V.F., and Shalagin, V.L., 1989, Isotopic evidence of crust contamination in Ioko-Dovyren pluton: Geologia i Geofysika, Academia Nauk USSR, v. 9, p. 140-144.

Korago, E.A., Kovaleva, G.N., and Trufanov, G.V., 1989, Formations, tectonics and history of geological development of Kimmerides of Novaya Zemlya (in Russian with English translation): Geotectonics, no. 6, p. 40-61.

Korsch, M.J., and Gulson, B.L., 1986, Nd and Pb isotopic studies of an Archaean layered mafic-ultramafic complex, Western Australia, and implications for mantle heterogeneity: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 50, p. 1-10.

Krapez, B., 1993, Sequence stratigraphy of the Archaean supracrustal belts of the Pilbara Block, Western Australia: Precambrian Research, v. 60, p. 1-45.

Krogh, T.E., 1994, Precise U-Pb ages for Grenvillian and pre-Grenvillian thrusting of Proterozoic and Archean metamorphic assemblages in the Grenville Front tectonic zone, Canada: Tectonics, v. 13, p. 963-982.

Krogh, T.E., Corfu, F., Davis, D.W., Dunning, G.R., Heaman, L.M., Kamo, S.L., Machado, N., Greenough, J.D., and Nakamura, E., 1987, Precise U-Pb isotopic ages of diabase dykes and mafic to ultramafic rocks using trace amounts of baddeleyite and zircon, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 147-152.

Krogh, T.E., Davis, D.W., and Corfu, F., 1984, Precise U-Pb zircon and baddeleyite ages for the Sudbury structure, in Pye, E.G., Naldrett, A.J., and Giblin, P.E., eds., The geology and ore deposits of the Sudbury structure: Ontario Geological Survey Special Volume 1, p. 431-445.

Krogh, T.E., Kamo, S.L., and Bohor, B.F., 1996, Shock metamorphosed zircons with correlated U-Pb discordance and melt rocks with concordant protolith ages indicate an impact origin for the Sudbury structure, in Basu, A., and Hart, S. eds., Earth processes: Reading the Isotopic Code: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 95, p. 343-353.

Kröner, A., and Tegtmeyer, A., 1994, Gneiss-greenstone relationships in the Ancient Gneiss Complex of southwestern Swaziland, southern Africa, and implications for early crustal evolution: Precambrian Research, v. 67, p. 109-139.

Kumarapeli, P.S., 1993, A plume-generated segment of the rifted margin of Laurentia, southern Canadian Appalachians, seen through a completed Wilson Cycle: Tectonophysics, v. 219, p. 47-55.

Kumarapeli, P.S., Dunning, G.R., Pintson, H., and Shaver, J., 1989, Geochemistry and U-Pb zircon age of comenditic metafelsites of the Tibbit Hill formation, Quebec Appalachians: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 26, p. 1374-1383.

Kushev, V.G., 1997, The Inari-Kola Craton, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 707-709.

Kushev, V.G., and Kornilov, M.F., 1997, The Ukranian Shield, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 726-729.

Kuznir, N.J., Wilson, M., and Cheadle, M., 1999, A mantle plume cluster giving synchronous volcanism, rifting and uplift on the Devonian East European platform: Journal of Conference Abstracts (Cambridge Publications), Abstract Volume of European Union of Geosciences meeting, EUG10, v. 4, p. 347.

Lagutenkova, N.S., and Chepikova, I.K., 1982, Upper-Precambrian sediments of the Volga-Ural region and the perspectives of its oil and gas potential (in Russian): Moscow, Nauka, 111 p.

Lahaye, Y., Arndt, N., Byerly, G., Chauvel, C., Fourcade, S., and Gruau, G., 1995, The influence of alteration on the trace-element and Nd isotopic compositions of komatiites: Chemical Geology, v. 126, p. 43-64.

Laitakari, I., 1969, On the set of olivine diabase dikes in Häme, Finland: Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande, v. 241, p. 65 p.

Laitakari, I., and Leino, H., 1989, A new model for the emplacement of the Häme diabase dyke swarm, central Finland, in Autio, S., ed., Current Research 1988: Geological Survey of Finland Special Paper 10, p. 7-8.

Lanyon, R., Black, L.P., and Seitz, H.-M., 1993, U-Pb zircon dating of mafic dykes and its application to the Proterozoic geological history of the Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 115, p. 184-203.

Lapierre, H., Bosch, D., Dupuis, V., Polvé, M., Maury, R.C., Hernandez, J., Monié, P., Yéghicheyan, D., Jaillard, É., Tardy, M., Mercier de Lépinay, B., Mamberti, M., Desmet, A., Keller, F., and Sénebier, F., 2000, Multiple plume events in the genesis of the peri-Caribbean Cretaceous oceanic plateau province: Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, p. 8403-8421.

Larsen, L.M., Rex, D.C., Watt, W.S., and Guise, P.G., 1999, 40Ar-39Ar dating of alkali basaltic dykes along the southwest coast of Greenland: Cretaceous and Tertiary igneous activity along the eastern margin of the Labrador Sea, in Collected research papers, palaeontology, geochronology, geochemistry: Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 184, p. 19-29.

Larson, E.E., Patterson, P.E., Curtis, G., Drake, R., and Mutschler, F.E., 1985, Petrologic, paleomagnetic, and structural evidence of a Paleozoic rift system in Oklahoma, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 96, p. 1364-1372.

Larson, R.L., 1991, Latest pulse of Earth: Evidence for a mid-Cretaceous superplume: Geology, v. 19, p. 547-550.

Larson, R.L., 1997, Superplumes and ridge interactions between Ontong Java and Manihiki plateaus and the Nova-Canton trough: Geology, v. 25, no. 9, p. 779-782.

Larson, R.L., and Kincaid, C., 1996, Onset of mid-Cretaceous volcanism by elevation of the 670 kilometer thermal boundary layer: Geology, v. 24, p. 551-554.

Larson, S.Å., Berglund, J., Stigh, J., and Tullborg, E.-L., 1990, The Protogine Zone, southwest Sweden: A new model – an old issue, in Gower, C.F., Rivers, T., and Ryan, B., eds., Mid-Proterozoic Laurentia-Baltica: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 38, p. 317-333.

Lassiter, J.C., DePaolo, D.J., and Mahoney, J.J., 1995, Geochemistry of the Wrangellia flood basalt province: Implications for the role of continental and oceanic lithosphere in flood basalt genesis: Journal of Petrology, v. 36, no. 4, p. 983-1009.

Lauerma, R., 1987, The diabase dykes in Salla (in Finnish), in Aro, K., and Laitakari, I., eds., Diabases and mafic dyke rocks in Finland: Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 76, p. 185-187.

Lauerma, R., 1995, Kursun ja Sallab kartta-alueiden kallioperä (Pre-Quaternary rocks of the Kursu and Salla map-sheet areas: Helsinki, Geological Survey of Finland, 1:100,000, sheets 3643 and 4621+4623).

Lawver, L.A., and Müller, R.D., 1994, Iceland hotspot track: Geology, v. 22, p. 311-314.

Leblanc, M., and Lancelot, J.R., 1980, Le domain panafricain de l'Anti-Atlas (Maroc): Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 17, p. 142-155.

LeCheminant, A.N., 1994, Proterozoic diabase dyke swarms, Lac de Gras and Aylmer Lake areas, District of Mackenzie, Northwest Territories: Geological Survey of Canada Open-File 2975, scale 1:250 000, 1 sheet.

LeCheminant, A.N., Buchan, K.L., van Breemen, O., and Heaman, L.M., 1997, Paleoproterozoic continental break-up and reassembly: Evidence from 2.19 Ga diabase dyke swarms in the Slave and Western Churchill Provinces, Canada: Geological Association of Canada/Mineralogical Association of Canada, Abstract Volume, v. 22, p. A86.

LeCheminant, A.N., and Heaman, L.M., 1989, Mackenzie igneous events, Canada: Middle Proterozoic hotspot magmatism associated with ocean opening: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 96, p. 38-48.

LeCheminant, A.N., and Heaman, L.M., 1991, U-Pb ages for the 1.27 Ga Mackenzie igneous events, Canada: Support for a plume initiation model: Geological Association of Canada/Mineralogical Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts, v. 16, p. A73.

LeCheminant, A.N., and Heaman, L.M., 1994, 779 Ma mafic magmatism in the northwestern Canadian shield and northern Cordillera: A new regional time-marker, in Lanphere, M.A., Dalrymple, G.B., and Turrin, B.D., eds., Eighth International Conference on Geochronology, Cosmochronology and Isotope Geology, Program with Abstracts (Berkeley, California): U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1107, , p. 197.

LeCheminant, A.N., Heaman, L.M., van Breemen, O., Ernst, R.E., Baragar, W.R.A., and Buchan, K.L., 1996, Mafic magmatism, mantle roots and kimberlites in the Slave craton, in LeCheminant, A.N., Richardson, D.G., DiLabio, R.N.W., and Richardson, K.A., eds., Searching for diamonds in Canada: Geological Survey of Canada Open-File 3228, p. 161-169.

LeCheminant, A.N., and van Breemen, O., 1994, U-Pb ages of Proterozoic dyke swarms, Lac de Gras area, N.W.T.: Evidence for progressive break-up of an Archean supercontinent: Geological Association of Canada/Mineralogical Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts, v. 19, p. A62.

Lee, K.S., Chang, H.W., and Park, K.H., 1998, Neoproterozoic bimodal volcanism in the central Ogcheon belt, Korea: Age and tectonic implication: Precambrian Research, v. 89, p. 47-57.

Lefort, J.-P., Aifa, T., and Ouddane, M., 1994, Modélisation magnétique des filons subméridiens de l'ensemble Yetti-Eglab (Dorsale Réguibat): Conséquences géodynamiques concernant la marge orientale du craton Ouest-Africain: Bulletin du Service Géologique de l'Algérie, v. 5, p. 129-149.

Legault, F., Francis, D., Hynes, A., and Budkewitsch, P., 1994, Proterozoic continental volcanism in the Belcher Islands: Implications for the evolution of the Circum Ungava Fold Belt: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 31, p. 1536-1549.

Levashov, K.K., 1979, Paleorift structure in the eastern environs of the Siberian Platform: International Geology Review, v. 21, no. 2, p. 188-200.

Li, J., Qian, X., and Hou, G., 1999a, Proterozoic tectonic framework and evolution of the North China craton: Gondwana Research, v. 2, p. 568-571.

Li, Z.X., Li, X.H., Kinny, P.D., and Wang, J., 1999b, The breakup of Rodinia: Did it start with a mantle plume beneath South China?: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 173, p. 171-181.

Liégeois, J.P., Claessens, W., Camara, D., and Klerkx, J., 1991, Short-lived Eburnian orogeny in southern Mali: Geology, tectonics, U-Pb and Rb-Sr geochronology: Precambrian Research, v. 50, p. 111-136.

Lightfoot, P.C., 1995, Geochemistry of the Nipissing gabbro: Source and mineral potential, in The northern margin of the Southern Province of the Canadian Shield, Program and Abstracts: The Canadian Mineralogist, v. 33, p. 934-935.

Lima, M.I.C., and Bezerra, P.E.L., 1991, Tectonic control of Mesozoic mafic and alkaline bodies in the Amazon craton (Brazil): Boletim IG-USP (Institute of Geosciences- University of São Paulo), Publicação Especial No. 10, p. 43-48.

Lu, J., Zhang, G., Zhang, C., Gu, G., Liu, Y., and Huang, Y., 1989, A genetic model for the layered intrusions and related V-Ti-magnetite deposits in Panzhihua-Xichang region, southwest China: Chinese Journal of Geochemistry, v. 8, no. 2, p. 126-134.

Lucas, S.B., Stern, R.A., Syme, E.C., Reilly, B.A., and Thomas, D.J., 1996, Intraoceanic tectonics and the development of continental crust: 1.92-1.84 Ga evolution of the Flin Flon belt, Canada: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 108, no. 5, p. 602-629.

Lundqvist, T., Bøe, R., Kousa, J., Lukkarinen, H., Lutro, O., Roberts, D., Solli, A., Stephens, M., and Weihed, P., 1996, Bedrock map of Central Fennoscandia: Geological Surveys of Finland (Espoo), Norway (Trondheim) and Sweden (Uppsala), scale 1:1 000 000, 1 sheet.


M-N-O

Macambira, E.M.B., 1997, Geologica e aspectos metalogenéticos dos elementos do grupo da platina no complexo máfico-ultramáfico da Serra da Onça - Sul do Pará [M.S. thesis]: Belém-PA (Paraná), Universidade Federal do Pará, 178 p.

Macambira, M.B., and Lancelot, J., 1991, Em busca do embasamento arqueano da região de Rio Maria: III Simposio de Geologia da Amazonia, p. 49-58.

MacDonald, R., Gottfried, D., Farrington, M.J., Brown, F.W., and Skinner, N.G., 1981, Geochemistry of a continental tholeiite suite: Late Palaeozoic quartz dolerite dykes of Scotland: Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Earth Sciences, v. 72, p. 57-74.

MacDonald, R., Wilson, L., Thorpe, R.S., and Martin, A., 1988, Emplacement of the Cleveland dyke: Evidence from geochemistry, mineralogy and physical modelling: Journal of Petrology, v. 29, p. 559-583.

MacDonald, W.D., and Opdyke, N.D., 1974, Triassic paleomagnetism of northern South America: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 58, p. 208-215.

Machado, N., 1990, Timing of collisional events in the Trans Hudson Orogen: Evidence from U-Pb geochronology for the New Quebec Orogen, The Thompson belt, and the Reindeer Zone (Manitoba and Saskatchewan), in Lewry, J.F., and Stauffer, M.R., eds., The Early Proterozoic Trans-Hudson Orogen of North America: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 37, p. 433-441.

Machado, N., David, J., Scott, D.J., Lamothe, D., Philippe, S., and Gariépy, C., 1993, U-Pb geochronology of the western Cape Smith Belt: New insights on the age of initial rifting and arc magmatism: Precambrian Research, v. 63, p. 211-223.

Machado, N., Lindenmayer, Z., Krogh, T.E., and Lindenmayer, D., 1991, U-Pb geochronology of Archean magmatism and basement reactivation in the Carajás area, Amazon shield, Brazil: Precambrian Research, v. 49, p. 329-354.

Machado, N., Noce, C.M., Ladeira, E.A., and Belo de Oliveira, O., 1992, U-Pb geochronology of Archean magmatism and Proterozoic metamorphism in the Quadrilátero Ferrífero, southern São Francisco craton, Brazil: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 104, p. 1221-1227.

Machado, N., Schrank, A., Abreu, F.R., Knauer, L.G., and Almeida-Abreu, P.A., 1989, Resultados preliminares da geocronologia U-Pb na Serra do Espinhaço Meridional: Anais. V Simpósio de Geologia de Minas Gerais, Boletim da Sociedade Brasileira Geologia-Núcleo Minas Gerais, v. 10, p. 171-174.

Machens, E., 1966, Carte Géologique du Niger Occidental: Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Miniéres, scale 1:200 000.

Madore, C., 1991, Origin and implication of corona structures within diabase dykes intruding the Archean orthogneisses of the Central Grenville Province, east of Chibougamau, Quebec [M.S. thesis]: Ottawa, Canada, University of Ottawa, 340 p.

Mahoney, J.J., 1988, Deccan traps, in MacDougall, J.D., ed., Continental Flood Basalts: Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 151-194.

Mahoney, J.J., and Coffin, M.F., eds., 1997, Large igneous provinces: Continental, oceanic, and planetary flood volcanism: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 100, 438 p.

Mahoney, J.J., Jones, W.B., Frey, F.A., Salters, V.J.M., Pyle, D.G., and Davies, H.L., 1995, Geochemical characteristics of lavas from Broken Ridge, the Naturaliste Plateau and southernmost Kerguelen Plateau: Cretaceous plateau volcanism in the southeast Indian Ocean: Chemical Geology, v. 120, p. 315-345.

Mali, Direction Nationale de la Géologie et des Mines, 1980, République du Mali, Carte Géologique, scale 1:1 500 000: Bureau de recherches géologiques et minières, 2 sheets, (in French).

Maluski, H., Coulon, C., Popoff, M., and Baudin, P., 1995, 40Ar/39Ar chronology, petrology and geodynamic setting of Mesozoic to early Cenozoic magmatism from the Benue Trough, Nigeria: Journal of the Geological Society, London, v. 152, p. 311-326.

Manninen, T. 1991. Volcanic rocks in the Salla area, northeastern Finland (in Finnish): Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 104, 97 p.

Marcussen, C., and Abrahamsen, N., 1983, Palaeomagnetism of the Proterozoic Zig-Zag Dal basalt and the Midsommersø dolerites, eastern North Greenland: Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 73, p. 367-387.

Maroc, Service Géologique, 1985, Carte Géologique du Maroc: Memoir 260, scale 1:1 000 000: Rabat, Morroco, Ministère de l’énergie et des mines, direction de la géologie, 3 sheets (in French).

Marsh, J.S., Bowen, M.P., Rogers, N.W., and Bowen, T.B., 1992, Petrogenesis of Late Archaean flood-type basic lavas from the Klipriviersberg Group, Ventersdorp Supergroup, South Africa: Journal of Petrology, v. 33, p. 817-847.

Marsh, J.S., Hooper, P.R., Rehacek, J., Duncan, R.A., and Duncan, A.R., 1997, Stratigraphy and age of Karoo basalts of Lesotho and implications for correlations within the Karoo igneous province, in Mahoney, J.J., and Coffin, M.F., eds., Large igneous provinces: Continental, oceanic, and planetary flood volcanism: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 100, p. 247-272.

Martignole, J., Machado, N., and Indares, A., 1994, The Wakeham Terrane: A Mesoproterozoic terrestrial rift in the eastern part of the Grenville Province: Precambrian Research, v. 68, p. 291-306.

Martin, D.M., Li, Z.X., Nemchin, A.A., and Powell, C.M., 1998, A pre-2.2 Ga age for giant hematite ores of the Hamersley province, Australia: Economic Geology, v. 93, p. 1084-1090.

Martin, D.M., Powell, C.M., and George, A.D., 2000, Stratigraphic architecture and evolution of the early Paleoproterozoic McGrath Trough, Western Australia: Precambrian Research, v. 99, p. 33-64.

Marzoli, A., Melluso, L., Morra, V., Renne, P.R., Sgrosso, I., D'Antonio, M., Duarte Morais, L., Morais, E.A.A., and Ricci, G., 1999a, Geochronology and petrology of Cretaceous basaltic magmatism in the Kwanza basin (western Angola), and relationships with the Paranà-Etendeka continental flood basalt province: Journal of Geodynamics, v. 28, p. 341-356.

Marzoli, A., Renne, P.R., and Piccirillo, E.M., 2000, Ar/Ar geochronology of Mesozoic continental basaltic magmatism, and the opening of the central, equatorial and southern Atlantic ocean, in Penrose 2000, Volcanic Rifted Margins: Royal Holloway, University of London, Department of Geology, p. 54.

Marzoli, A., Renne, P.R., Piccirillo, E.M., Ernesto, M., Bellieni, G., and De Min, A., 1999b, Extensive 200-million-year-old continental flood basalts of the central Atlantic Magmatic Province: Science, v. 284, p. 616-618.

Mathison, C.I., and Ahmat, A.L., 1996, The Windimurra Complex, Western Australia, in Cawthorn, R.G., ed., Layered intrusions: Amsterdam, Elsevier, p. 485-510.

Mauritane (Afrique Occidentale Mauritane), Bureau de Recherches Géologique et Miniéres, 1960, Afrique Occidentale Carte Géologique, feuille no. 7 (Mauritane) (in French): Mauritania, scale 1:2,000,000.

May, P.R., 1971, Pattern of Triassic-Jurassic diabase dikes around the North Atlantic in the context of predrift position of the continents: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 82, p. 1285-1292.

McBirney, A.R., 1996, The Skaergaard intrusion, in Cawthorn, R.G., ed., Layered intrusions: Amsterdam, Elsevier, p. 147-180.

McCallum, I.S., 1996, The Stillwater Complex, in Cawthorn, R.G., ed., Layered intrusions: Amsterdam, Elsevier, p. 441-483.

McCausland, P.J.A., and Hodych, J.P., 1998, Paleomagnetism of the 550 Ma Skinner Cove volcanics of western Newfoundland and the opening of the Iapetus Ocean: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 163, p. 15-29.

McDougall, I., Dunn, P.R., Compston, W., Webb, A.W., Richards, J.R., and Bofinger, V.M., 1965, Isotope age determinations on Precambrian rocks of the Carpentaria region, Northern Territory, Australia: Geological Society of Australia, Journal, v. 12, p. 67-90.

McGlynn, J.C., Hanson, G.N., Irving, E., and Park, J.K., 1974, Paleomagnetism and age of Nonacho Group sandstones and associated Sparrow dikes, District of Mackenzie: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 11, p. 30-42.

McGlynn, J.C., and Irving, E., 1975, Paleomagnetism of Early Aphebian diabase dykes from the Slave Structural Province, Canada: Tectonophysics, v. 26, p. 23-38.

McHone, J.G., 2000, Non-plume magmatism and rifting during the opening of the central Atlantic Ocean: Tectonophysics, v. 316, p. 287-296.

McNaughton, N.J., Compston, W., and Barley, M.E., 1993, Constraints on the age of the Warrawoona Group, eastern Pilbara Block, Western Australia: Precambrian Research, v. 60, p. 69-98.

McNutt, M.K., 1998, Superswells: Reviews of Geophysics, v. 36, no. 2, p. 211-244.

Meert, J.G., Hargraves, R.B., Van der Voo, R., Hall, C.M., and Halliday, A.N., 1994, Paleomagnetic and 40Ar/39Ar studies of Late Kibaran intrusvies in Burundi, East Africa: Implications for Late Proterozoic supercontinents: The Journal of Geology, v. 102, p. 621-637.

Meert, J.G., van der Voo, R., and Ayub, S., 1995, Paleomagnetic investigation of the Neoproterozoic Gagwe lavas and Mbozi complex, Tanzania and the assembly of Gondwana: Precambrian Research, v. 74, p. 225-244.

Meighan, I.G., McCormick, A.G., Gibson, D., Gamble, J.A., and Graham, I.J., 1988, Rb-Sr isotopic determinations and the timing of Tertiary central complex magmatism in NE Ireland, in Morton, A.C., and Parson, L.M., eds., Early Tertiary volcanism and the opening of the NE Atlantic: Geological Society [London] Special Publication 39, p. 349-360.

Menzies, M., Baker, J., Chazot, G., and Al'Kadasi, M., 1997, Evolution of the Red Sea volcanic margin, western Yemen, in Mahoney, J.J., and Coffin, M.F., eds., Large igneous provinces: Continental, oceanic, and planetary flood volcanism: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 100, p. 29-43.

Mertanen, S., Pesonen, L.J., and Huhma, H., 1996, Palaeomagnetism and Sm-Nd ages of the Neoproterozoic diabase dykes in Laanila and Kautokeino, northern Fennoscandia, in Brewer, T.S., ed., Precambrian crustal evolution in the North Atlantic region: Geological Society [London] Special Publication 112, p. 331-358.

Mihalynuk, M.G., Nelson, J., and Diakow, L.J., 1994, Cache Creek terrane entrapment: Oroclinal paradox within the Canadian Cordillera: Tectonics, v. 13, no. 2, p. 575-595.

Millar, I.L., 1999, Neoproterozoic extensional basic magmatism associated with the West Highland granite gneiss in the Moine Supergroup of NW Scotland: Journal of the Geological Society, London, v. 156, p. 1153-1162.

Miller, C., Klötzli, U., Frank, W., Thöni, M., Grasemann, B., 2000, Proterozoic crustal evolution in the NW Himalaya (India) as recorded by circa 1.80 Ga mafic and 1.84 Ga granitic magmatism: Precambrian Research, v. 103, p. 191-206.

Mitchell, C., Ellam, R.M., and Cox, K.G., 1999, Mesozoic dolerite dykes of the Falkland Islands: Petrology, petrogenesis and implications for geochemical provinciality in Gondwanaland low-Ti basaltic rocks: Journal of the Geological Society, London, v. 156, p. 901-916.

Mohr, P., and Zanettin, B., 1988, The Ethiopian flood basalt province, in Macdougall, J. D., ed., Continental flood basalts: Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 63-110.

Möller, C., 1998, Decompressed eclogites in the Sveconorwegian (~Grenvillian) orogen of SW Sweden: Petrology and tectonics implications: Journal of Metamorphic Geology, v. 16, p. 641-656.

Moores, M., Davis, D.W., Robb, L.J., Jackson, M.C., Grobler, D.F., 1993, Archean rapakivi granite-anorthosite-rhyolite complex in the Witwatersrand basin hinterland, southern Africa: Geology, v. 21, p. 1031-1034.

Morgan, J.P., Morgan, W.J., and Price, E., 1995, Hotspot melting generates both hotspot volcanism and a hotspot swell?: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 100, p. 8045-8062.

Morgan, W.J., 1981, Hotspot tracks and the opening of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans, in Emiliani, C., ed., The Sea, Volume 7: New York, Wiley Interscience, p. 443-487.

Morgan, W.J., 1983, Hotspot tracks and the early rifting of the Atlantic: Tectonophysics, v. 94, p. 123-139.

Morrison, D.A., Davis, D., Bogard, D., Wooden, J., Maczuga, D., Phinney, W.C., and Ashwal, L.D., 1985, Age of the Mulcahy Lake gabbro and implications for the evolution of granite-greenstone belts: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 73, p. 306-316.

Morrison, D.A., Maczuga, D.E., Phinney, W.C., and Ashwal, L.D., 1986, Stratigraphy and petrology of the Mulcahy Lake layered gabbro – an Archean intrusion in the Wabigoon Subprovince, Ontario: Journal of Petrology, v. 27, no. 2, p. 303-341.

Mortensen, J.K., 1993, U-Pb geochronology of the eastern Abitibi subprovince, 2, Noranda-Kirkland Lake area: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 30, p. 29-41.

Mortensen, J.K., and Hulbert, L., 1992, A U-Pb zircon age for a Maple Creek gabbro sill, Tatamagouche Creek area, southwest Yukon Territory, in Radiogenic Age and Isotopic Studies, Report 5: Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 91-2, p. 175-179.

Mortimer, N., and Parkinson, D., 1996, Hikurangi Plateau: A Cretaceous large igneous province in the southwest Pacific Ocean: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 101, p. 687-696.

Muhling, P.C., and Brakel, A.T., 1985, Geology of the Bangemall Group: The evolution of an intracratonic Proterozoic basin: Geological Survey of Western Australia, Bulletin 128, 266 p.

Mukasa, S.B., Wilson, A.H., and Carlson, R.W., 1996, Source characterization and crystallization age of the Great Dyke layered mafic intrusion, Zimbabwe: American Geophysical Union 1996 Fall Meeting, p. F823.

Mukasa, S.B., Wilson, A.H., and Carlson, R.W., 1998, A multielement geochronologic study of the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe: Significance of the robust and reset ages: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 164, p. 353-369.

Munyanyiwa, H., Hanson, R.E., Blenkinsop, T.G., and Treloar, P.J., 1997, Geochemistry of amphibolites and quartzofeldspathic gneisses in the Pan-African Zambezi belt, northwest Zimbabwe: Evidence for bimodal magmatism in a continental rift setting: Precambrian Research, v. 81, p. 179-196.

Murphy, J.B., Oppliger, G.L., Brimhall, G.H., Jr., and Hynes, A., 1998, Plume-modified orogeny: An example from the western United States: Geology, v. 26, p. 731-734.

Murthy, G., Gower, C., Tubrett, M., and Pätzold, R., 1992, Paleomagnetism of Eocambrian Long Range dykes and Double Mer Formation from Labrador, Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 29, p. 1224-1234.

Murthy, G.S., and Deutsch, E.R., 1972, Paleomagnetism of igneous rock units from the coast of Labrador: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 9, p. 207-212.

Murthy, N.G.K., 1987, Mafic dyke swarms of the Indian Shield, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 393-400.

Murthy, Y.G.K., Rao, V.B., Guptasarma, D., Rao, J.M., Rao, M.N., and Bhattacharji, S., 1987, Tectonic, petrochemical and geophysical studies of mafic dyke swarms around the Proterozoic Cuddapah basin, South India, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 303-316.

Mushayandebvu, M.F., Jones, D.L., and Briden, J.C., 1995, Palaeomagnetic and geochronological results from Proterozoic mafic intrusions in southern Zimbabwe, in Baer, G., and Heimann, A., eds., Physics and Chemistry of Dykes: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 293-303.

Mussett, A.E., Dagley, P., and Skelhorn, R.R., 1988, Time and duration of activity in the British Tertiary Igneous Province, in Morton, A.C., and Parson, L.M., eds., Early Tertiary volcanism and the opening of the NE Atlantic: Geological Society [London] Special Publication 39, p. 337-348.

Mussett, A.E., and Taylor, G.K., 1994, 40Ar-39Ar ages for dykes from the Falkland Islands with implications for the break-up of southern Gondwanaland: Journal of the Geological Society, London, v. 151, p. 79-81.

Myers, J.S., 1980, Structure of the coastal dyke swarm and associated plutonic intrusions of East Greenland: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 46, p. 407-418.

Myers, J.S., and Hocking, R.M., 1998, Geological map of Western Australia (13th edition): Western Australia Geological Survey, scale 1:2 500 000.

Myers, J.S., and Swagers, C., 1997, The Yilgarn Craton, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L. D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 640-656.

Namibia, G.S., 1988, 1:250 000 Geological Series, Southwest Africa, sheet 2013 (Cape Cross): Geological Survey of Southwest Africa/Namibia.

Neal, C.R., Mahoney, J.J., Kroenke, L.W., Duncan, R.A., and Petterson, M.G., 1997, The Ontong Java Plateau, in Mahoney, J.J., and Coffin, M.F., eds., Large igneous provinces: Continental, oceanic, and planetary flood volcanism: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 100, p. 183-216.

Needham, R.S., 1988, Geology of the Alligator Rivers Uranium Field, Northern Territory: Canberra, Australian Government Publishing Service, Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics Bulletin 224, 96 p.

Nelson, D.O., Morrison, D.A., and Phinney, W.C., 1990, Open-system evolution versus source control in basaltic magmas: Matachewan-Hearst dike swarm, Superior Province, Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 27, p. 767-783.

Nelson, D.R., 1997, Evolution of the Archaean granite-greenstone terranes of the Eastern Goldfields, Western Australia: SHRIMP U-Pb zircon constraints: Precambrian Research, v. 83, p. 57-81.

Nelson, D.R., 1998, Granite-greenstone crust formation on the Archaean Earth: A consequence of two superimposed processes: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 158, p. 109-119.

Nelson, D.R., Trendall, A.F., de Laeter, J.R., Grobler, N.J., and Fletcher, I.R., 1992, A comparative study of the geochemical and isotopic systematics of late Archaean flood basalts from the Pilbara and Kaapvaal cratons: Precambrian Research, v. 54, p. 231-257.

Nemchin, A.A., and Pidgeon, R.T., 1998, Precise conventional and SHRIMP baddeleyite U-Pb age for the Binneringie dyke, near Narrogin, Western Australia: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 45, p. 673-675.

Neumann, E.-R., Olsen, K.H., Baldridge, W.S., and Sundvoll, B., 1992, The Oslo rift: A review, in Ziegler, P.A., ed., Geodynamics of rifting, Volume 1, Case history studies on rifts: Europe and Asia: Tectonophysics, v. 208, p. 1-18.

Nicholson, S.W., Shirey, S.B., Schulz, K.J., and Green, J.C., 1997, Rift-wide correlation of 1.1 Ga Midcontinent rift system basalts: Implications for multiple mantle sources during rift development, in Bornhorst, T.J., ed., Petrology and metallogeny of intraplate mafic and ultramafic magmatism: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 34, p. 504-520.

Nielsen, T.F.D., 1987, Mafic dyke swarms in Greenland: A review, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 349-360.

Nielsen, T.F.D., 1990, Melville Bugt dyke swarm: A major 1645 Ma alkaline magmatic event in west Greenland, in Parker, A.J., Rickwood, P.C., and Tucker, D.H., eds., Mafic dykes and emplacement mechanisms: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 497-505.

Nikishin, A.M., Ziegler, P.A., Stephenson, R.A., Cloetingh, S.A.P.L., Furne, A.V., Fokin, P.A., Ershov, A.V., Bolotov, S.N., Korotaev, M.V., Alekseev, A.S., Gorbachev, V.I., Shipilov, E.V., Lankreijer, A., Bembinova, E.Y., and Shalimov, I.V., 1996, Late Precambrian to Triassic history of the East European Craton: Dynamics of sedimentary basin evolution: Tectonophysics, v. 268, p. 23-63.

Nisbet, E.G., Arndt, N.T., Bickle, M.J., Cameron, W.E., Chauvel, C., Cheadle, M., Hegner, E., Kyser, K., Martin, A., Renner, R., and Roedder, E., 1987, Uniquely fresh 2.7 Ga komatiites from the Belingwe greenstone belt, Zimbabwe: Geology, v. 15, p. 1147-1150.

Norcross, C., Davis, D.W., Spooner, E.T.C., and Rust, A., 2000, U-Pb and Pb-Pb age constraints on Paleoproterozoic magmatism, deformation and gold mineralization in the Omai area, Guyana Shield: Precambrian Research, v. 102, p. 69-86.

Nunes, P.D., 1981, The age of the Stillwater complex: A comparison of U-Pb zircon and Sm-Nd isochron systematics: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 45, p. 1961-1963.

Nutman, A., 1997, The Greenland sector of the North Atlantic Craton, in de Wit, M. J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone Belts: Clarendon Press, Oxford, p. 665-674.

Nutman, A.P., Bennett, V.C., Friend, C.R.L., and Rosing, M.T., 1997, ~3710 and > 3790 Ma volcanic sequences in the Isua (Greenland) supracrustal belt – structural and Nd isotope implications: Chemical Geology, v. 141, p. 271-287.

Nutman, A.P., Hagiya, H., and Maruyama, S., 1995, SHRIMP U-Pb single zircon geochronology of a Proterozoic mafic dyke, Isukasia, southern West Greenland: Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, v. 42, p. 17-22.

Nutman, A.P., Kalsbeek, F., Marker, M., van Gool, J.A.M., and Bridgwater, D., 1999, U-Pb zircon ages of Kangâmiut dykes and detrital zircons in metasediments in the Palaeoproterozoic Nagssugtoqidian Orogen (west Greenland): Clues to the pre-collisional history of the orogen: Precambrian Research, v. 93, p. 87-104.

Okrugin, A.V., Beryozkin, V.L., Oleinikov, B.V., and Savvinov, V.T., 1995, Late Precambrian dyke swarms of the Aldan Shield, Siberian platform, in Third International Dyke Conference, Jerusalem, Israel, Program and Abstracts: Geological Survey of Israel, Israel Geological Society, Hebrew University (Jerusalem) and Ben Gurion University of the Negev (Be’er Sheva), p. 50.

Okrugin, A.V., Oleinikov, B.V., Savvinov, V.T., and Tomshin, M.D., 1990, Late Precambrian dyke swarms of the Anabar Massif, Siberian Platform, USSR, in Parker, A.J., Rickwood, P.C., and Tucker, D.H., eds., Mafic dykes and emplacement mechanisms: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 529-533.

Oliveira, E.P., de, 1991, Petrogenesis of Middle Proterozoic mafic dykes in the São Francisco craton, Brazil: implications for a fossil mantle plume beneath the northern Espinhaço Range: Boletim IG-USP (Institute of Geosciences-University of São Paulo, Publicaçao Especial No. 10, p. 17-25.

Oliveira, E.P., 1998, The Cu-rich Caraiba and Cr-rich Medrado mafic-ultramafic complexes, Bahia, Brazil: U-Pb and Nd isotope constraints for Archean lithospheric mantle remobilisation in Paleoproterozoic Salvador-Curaça orogen: Congresso Brasileiro de Geologia, Belo Horizonte-MG (Minas Gerais), p. 48.

Oliveira, E.P., Tarney, J., and João, X.J., 1990, Geochemistry of the Mesozoic Amapa and Jari dyke swarms, northern Brazil: Plume-related magmatism during the opening of the central Atlantic, in Parker, A.J., Rickwood, P.C., and Tucker, D. H., eds., Mafic dykes and emplacement mechanisms: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 173-183.


P-Q-R

Paces, J.B., and Miller, J.D., Jr., 1993, Precise U-Pb ages of Duluth Complex and related mafic intrusions, northeastern Minnesota: Geochronological insights to physical, petrogenetic, paleomagnetic, and tectonomagmatic processes associated with the 1.1 Ga Midcontinent Rift System: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 98, p. 13997-14013.

Page, R., Hoatson, D., Sun, S.-s., and Foudoulis, C., 1995, High-precision geochronology of Palaeoproterozoic layered mafic-ultramafic intrusions in the East Kimberley: Australian Geological Survey Organization Research Newsletter, v. 22, p. 7-8.

Page, RW., 1983, Chronology of magmatism, skarn formation and uranium mineralization, Mary Kathleen, Queensland, Australia: Economic Geology, v. 78, p. 838-853.

Page, R.W., 1988, Geochronology of Early to Middle Proterozoic fold belts in northern Australia: A review: Precambrian Research, v. 40/41, p. 1-19.

Page, R.W., Compston, W., and Needham, R.S., 1980, Geochronology and evolution of the late Archaean basement and Proterozoic rocks in the Alligator Rivers Uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia, in Ferguson, J., and Goleby, A.B., eds., Uranium in the Pine Creek Geosyncline: Vienna, International Atomic Energy Agency, Proceedings Series, p. 39-68.

Page, R.W., and Hoatson, D.M., 2000, Geochronology of mafic-ultramafic intrusions, in Hoatson, D.M., and Blake, D.H., eds., Geology and economic potential of the Palaeoproterozoic layered mafic-ultramafic layered intrusions in the East Kimberley, Western Australia: Australian Geological Survey Organisation Bulletin 246, p. 163-172.

Page, R.W., and Sun, S.-S., 1994, Evolution of the Kimberley region, W.A. and adjacent Proterozoic inliers: New geochronological constraints: Geological Society of Australia, Abstracts, v. 37, p. 332-333.

Pallister, J.S., Budahn, J.R., and Murchey, B.L., 1989, Pillow basalts of the Angayucham terrane: Oceanic plateau and island crust accreted to the Brooks Range: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 94, no. B11, p. 15901-15923.

Palmer, H.C., Baragar, W.R.A., Fortier, M., and Foster, J.H., 1983, Paleomagnetism of Late Proterozoic rocks, Victoria Island, Northwest Territories, Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 20, p. 1456-1469.

Palmer, H.C., and Davis, D.W., 1987, Paleomagnetism and U-Pb geochronology of volcanic rocks from Michipicoten Island, Lake Superior, Canada: Precise calibration of the Keweenawan polar wander track: Precambrian Research, v. 37, p. 157-171.

Palmer, H.C., Merz, B.A., and Hayatsu, A., 1977, The Sudbury dikes of the Grenville Front region: Paleomagnetism, petrochemistry, and K-Ar age studies: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 14, p. 1867-1887.

Pandey, B.K., Gupta, J.N., Sarma, K.J., and Sastry, C.A., 1997, Sm-Nd, Pb-Pb and Rb-Sr geochronology and petrogenesis of the mafic dyke swarm of Mahbubnagar, South India: Implications for Paleoproterozoic crustal evolution of the Eastern Dharwar Craton: Precambrian Research, v. 84, p. 181-196.

Pankhurst, R.J., Leat, P.T., Sruoga, P., Rapela, C.W., Márquez, M., Storey, B.C., and Riley, T.R., 1998, The Chon Aike province of Patagonia and related rocks in West Antarctica: A silicic large igneous province: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 81, p. 113-136.

Papunen, H., 1995, Proterozoic reactivation of the margin of the Fennoscandian Archean craton, in The northern margin of the Southern Province of the Canadian Shield: The Canadian Mineralogist, Program and Abstracts, v. 33, p. 938-940.

Papunen, H., Distler, V., and Sokolov, A., 1992, PGE in the upper Proterozoic Dovirensky layered complex, North Baikal area, Siberia, in Barnes, S.J., ed., Proceedings of the sixth international platinum symposium: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 39, no. 3 (part 1), p. 327-334.

Park, J.K., 1981a, Paleomagnetism of basic intrusions from the Brock Inlier, Northwest Territories, Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 18, p. 1637-1641.

Park, J.K., 1981b, Paleomagnetism of the Late Proterozoic sills in the Tsezotene Formation, Mackenzie Mountains, Northwest Territories, Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 18, p. 1572-1580.

Park, J.K., Buchan, K.L., and Harlan, S.S., 1995, A proposed giant radiating dyke swarm fragmented by the separation of Laurentia and Australia – based on paleomagnetism of circa 780 Ma mafic intrusions in western North America: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 132, p. 129-139.

Park, J.K., Norris, D.K., and Larochelle, A., 1989, Paleomagnetism and the origin of the Mackenzie Arc of northwestern Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 26, p. 2194-2203.

Parker, A.J., Rickwood, P.C., Baillie, P.W., McClenaghan, M.P., Boyd, D.M., Freeman, M.J., Pietsch, B.A., Murray, C.G., and Myers, J.S., 1987, Mafic dyke swarms of Australia, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 401-417.

Parrish, R.R., 1989, U-Pb geochronology of the Cape Smith Belt and Sugluk block, northern Quebec: Geoscience Canada, v. 16, no. 3, p. 126-130.

Parsons, T., Thompson, G.A., and Sleep, N.H., 1994, Mantle plume influence on the Neogene uplift and extension of the U.S. western Cordillera?: Geology, v. 22, p. 83-86.

Paslick, C.R., Halliday, A.N., Davies, G.R., Mezger, K., and Upton, B.G.J., 1993, Timing of Proterozoic magmatism in the Gardar Province, southern Greenland: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 105, p. 272-278.

Pavlov, V.E., Burakov, K.S., Tselmovich, V.A., and Zhuravlev, D.Z., 1992, Paleomagnetics of sills from the Uchur-Maya region and estimation of geomagnetic field intensity in late Riphean: Physics of the Solid Earth, v. 28, no. 1, p. 92-101.

Peate, D.W., 1997, The Paraná-Etendeka Province, in Mahoney, J.J., and Coffin, M.F., eds., Large igneous provinces: Continental, oceanic, and planetary flood volcanism: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 100, p. 217-245.

Pedrosa-Soares, A.C., and Wiedemann-Leonardos, C.M. 2000, Evolution of the Araçuaí belt and its connection to the Ribeira Belt, eastern Brazil, in Cordani, U.G., Milani, E.J., Thomaz Filho, A., and Campos, D.A., eds., Tectonic Evolution of South America: Rio De Janeiro, 31st International Geological Congress, p. 265-285.

Pehrsson, S.J., van Breemen, O., and Hanmer, S., 1993, Ages of diabase dyke intrusions, Great Slave Lake shear zone, Northwest Territories: in Radiogenic age and isotopic studies, Report 7: Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 93-2, p. 23-28.

Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., and Hulma, H., 1996, Petrology and geochemistry of metabasalts from the 1.95 Ga Jormua Ophiolite, northeastern Finland: Journal of Petrology, v. 37, p. 1359-1383.

Peltonen, P.T., Manninen, T., and Pihlaja, P., 1988, The Late Archaean volcanisclastic Rookkiaapa Formation in Peurasuvanto, Northern Finland: Geological Survey of Finland Special Paper 5, p. 165-178.

Perring, C.S., Barnes, S.J., and Hill, R.E.T., 1996, Geochemistry of komatiites from Forrestania, Southern Cross Province, Western Australia: Evidence for crustal contamination: Lithos, v. 37, p. 181-197.

Perttunen, V., 1987, Mafic dykes in the northwestern part of the Pudasjärvi granite gneiss complex (in Finnish), in Aro, K., and Laitakari, I., eds., Diabases and other mafic dyke rocks in Finland: Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 76 p. 29-34.

Phinney, W.C., Halls, H.C., 2001, Petrogenesis of the early Proterozoic Matachewan dike swarm, Canada, and implications for magma emplacement and subsequent deformation: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (in press).

Piccirillo, E.M., Bellieni, G., Cavazzini, G., Comin-Chiaramonti, P., Petrini, R., Melfi, A.J., Pinese, J.P.P., Zantadeschi, P., and De Min, A., 1990, Lower Cretaceous tholeiitic dyke swarms from the Ponta Grossa arch (southeast Brazil): Petrology, Sr-Nd isotopes and genetic relationships with the Paraná flood volcanics: Chemical Geology, v. 89, p. 19-48.

Pimentel, M.M., Fuck, R.A., Jost, H., Ferreira Filho, C.F., de Araújo, S.M., 2000, The Basement of the Brasília fold belt and the Goiás magmatic arc, in Cordani, U.G., Milani, E.J., Thomaz Filho, A., and Campos, D.A., eds., Tectonic Evolution of South America: Rio De Janeiro, 31st International Geological Congress, p. 195-229.

Pinese, J.P.P., Teixeira, W., Piccirillo, E.M., Quémenéur, J.J.G., and Bellieni, G., 1995, The Precambrian Lavras mafic dykes, southern São Francisco Craton, Brazil: Preliminary geochemical and geochronological results, in Baer, G., and Heimann, A., eds., Physics and chemistry of dykes: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 205-218.

Pinho, F.E.C., Fyfe, W.S., and Pinho, M.A.S.B., 1997, Early Proterozoic evolution of the Alto Jauru greenstone belt, southern Amazonian Craton, Brazil: International Geology Review, v. 39, p. 220-229.

Piper, J.D.A., 1992, The palaeomagnetism of major (Middle Proterozoic) igneous complexes, South Greenland and the Gardar apparent polar wander track: Precambrian Research, v. 54, p. 153-172.

Podmore, F., and Wilson, A.H., 1987, A reappraisal of the structure, geology and emplacement of the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 317-330.

Polat, A., Kerrich, R., and Wyman, D.A., 1998, The late Archean Schreiber-Hemlo and White River-Dayohessarah greenstone belts, Superior Province: Collages of oceanic plateaus, oceanic arcs and subduction-accretion complexes: Tectonophysics, v. 289, p. 295-326.

Polat, A., Kerrich, R., and Wyman, D.A., 1999, Geochemical diversity in oceanic komatiites and basalts from the late Archean Wawa greenstone belts, Superior Province, Canada: Trace element and Nd isotopic evidence for a heterogeneous mantle: Precambrian Research, v. 94, p. 139-173.

Preiss, W.V., 2000, The Adelaide Geosyncline of South Australia and its significance in Neoproterozoic continental reconstruction: Precambrian Research, v. 100, p. 21-63.

Premo, W.R., Helz, R.T., Zientek, M.L., and Langston, R.B., 1990, U-Pb and Sm-Nd ages for the Stillwater Complex and its associated sills and dikes, Beartooth Mountains, Montana: Identification of a parent magma?: Geology, v. 18, p. 1065-1068.

Premo, W.R., and van Schmus, W.R., 1989, Zircon geochronology of Precambrian rocks in southeastern Wyoming and northern Colorado, in Grambling, J.A., and Tewksbury, B.J., eds., Proterozoic geology of the southern Rocky Mountains: Geological Society of America Special Paper 235, p. 13-32.

Prendergast, M., Bennett, M., and Henicke, O., 1998, Platinum exploration in the Rincón del Tiegre Complex, eastern Bolivia: Transactions, Section B (Applied Earth Science), Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, v. 107, p. B39-B47.

Prendergast, M.D., and Wilson, A.H., 1989, The Great Dyke of Zimbabwe. II: Mineralization and mineral deposits, in Prendergast, M.D., and Jones, M.J., eds., Magmatic sulphides, Zimbabwe Volume: The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, p. 21-42.

Prevec, S.A., 1993, An isotopic, geochemical and petrographic investigation of the genesis of Early Proterozoic mafic intrusions and associated volcanism near Sudbury, Ontario [Ph.D. thesis]: Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, University of Alberta, 223 p.

Price, R.C., Gray, C.M., and Frey, F.A., 1997, Strontium isotopic and trace element heterogeneity in the plains basalts of the Newer Volcanic Province, Victoria, Australia: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 61, p. 171-192.

Puchtel, I.S., Arndt, N.T., Hofmann, A.W., Haase, K.M., Kröner, A., Kulikov, V.S., Kulikova, V.V., Garbe-Schönberg, C.-D., and Nemchin, A.A., 1998a, Petrology of mafic lavas within the Onega plateau, central Karelia: Evidence for 2.0 Ga plume-related continental crustal growth in the Baltic Shield: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 130, p. 134-153.

Puchtel, I.S., Haase, K.M., Hofmann, A.W., Chauvel, C., Kulikov, V.S., Garbe-Schönberg, C.-D., and Nemchin, A.A., 1997a, Petrology and geochemistry of crustally contaminated komatitic basalts from the Vetreny Belt, southeastern Baltic Shield: Evidence for an early Proterozoic mantle plume beneath rifted Archean continental lithosphere: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 61, no. 6, p. 1205-1222.

Puchtel, I.S., Hofman, A.H., Mezger, K., Jochum, K.P., Shchipansky, A.A., and Samsonov, A.V., 1998b, Oceanic plateau model for continental crustal growth in the Archean: A case study from the Kostomuksha greenstone belt, NW Baltic Shield: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 155, p. 57-74.

Puchtel, I.S., Shchipansky, A.A., Samsonov, A.V., and Zhuravlev, D.Z., 1997b, The Karelian granite-greenstone terrain in Russia, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone Belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 699-706.

Puffer, J.H., Ragland, P.C., eds., 1992, Eastern North American Mesozoic magmatism: Geological Society of America Special Paper 268, 406 p.

Purucker, M., 1986, Interpretation of an aeromagnetic survey along the Wichita frontal fault zone, in Gilbert, C.M., ed., Petrology of the Cambrian Wichita Mountains Igneous Suite: Norman, Oklahoma Geological Survey, Guidebook 23, p. 129-136.

Quéméneur, J.J., 1991, Proterozoic dykes of the Bom Sucesso – Lavras region (Minas Gerais, Brazil): Boletim IG-USP (Institute of Geosciences- University of São Paulo), Publicação Especial No., v. 10, p. 97-103.

Qui, Y., McNaughton, N.J., Groves, D.I., and Dunphy, J.M., 1999, First record of 1.2 Ga quartz dioritic magmatism in the Archaean Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia and its significance: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 46, p. 421-428.

Radhakrishna, T., and Joseph, M., 1993, Proterozoic palaeomagnetism of South Indian shield and tectonic constraints: Geological Society of India Memoir 25, p. 321-336.

Radhakrishna, T., Maluski, H., Mitchell, J.G., and Joseph, M., 1999, 40Ar/39Ar and K/Ar geochronology of the dykes from the south Indian granulite terrain: Tectonophysics, v. 304, p. 109-129.

Rainbird, R.H., 1993, The sedimentary record of mantle plume uplift preceding eruption of the Neoproterozoic Natkusiak flood basalt: The Journal of Geology, v. 101, p. 305-318.

Rainbird, R.H., Stern, R.A., Khudoley, A.K., Kropachev, A.P., Heaman, L.M., and Sukhorukov, V.I., 1998, U-Pb geochronology of Riphean sandstone and gabbro from southeast Siberia and its bearing on the Laurentia-Siberia connection: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 164, p. 409-420.

Rambeloson, R.A., 1997, The Malagasy Shield, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 636-639.

Ransome, I.G.D., 1992, The geodynamics, kinematics and geochemistry of the Gannakouriep dyke swarm [M.S. thesis]: Cape Town, South Africa, University of Cape Town, 182 p.

Rao, J.M., Rao, G.V.S.P., and Patil, S.K., 1990, Geochemical and paleomagnetic studies on the Middle Proterozoic Karimnagar mafic dyke swarm, India, in Parker, A.J., Rickwood, P.C., and Tucker, D.H., eds., Mafic dykes and emplacement mechanisms: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 373-382.

Raposo, M.I.B., Ernesto, M., and Renne, P.R., 1998, Paleomagnetism and 40Ar/39Ar dating of the early Cretaceous Florianópolis dike swarm (Santa Catarina island), southern Brazil: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, v. 108, p. 275-290.

Ree, J.H., Cho, M., Kwon, S.T., and Nakamura, E., 1996, Possible eastward extension of Chinese collision belt in South Korea: The Imjingang belt: Geology, v. 24, p. 1071-1074.

Reichhardt, F.J., 1994, The Molopo Farms Complex, Botswana: History, petrography, petrochemistry and Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: Exploration and Mining Geology, v. 3, no. 3, p. 263-284.

Reid, D.L., Ransome, I.G.D., Onstott, T.C., and Adams, C.J., 1991, Time of emplacement and metamorphism of Late Precambrian mafic dykes associated with the Pan-African Gariep orogeny, southern Africa: Implications for the age of the Nama group: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 13, p. 531-541.

Renne, P.R., and Basu, A.R., 1991, Rapid eruption of the Siberian Traps flood basalts at the Permo-Triassic boundary: Science, v. 253, p. 176-179.

Renne, P.R., Ernesto, M., and Milner, S.C., 1997, Geochronology of the Paraná-Etendeka Province: Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, v. 70, p. F743.

Renne, P.R., Glen, J.M., Milner, S.C., and Duncan, A.R., 1996, Age of Etendeka flood volcanism and associated intrusions in southwestern Africa: Geology, v. 24, p. 659-662.

Renne, P.R., Onstott, T.C., D'Agrella-Filho, M.S., Pacca, I.G., and Teixeira, W., 1990, 40Ar/39Ar dating of 1.0-1.1 Ga magnetizations from the São Francisco and Kalahari cratons: Tectonic implications for Pan-African and Brasiliano mobile belts: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 101, p. 349-366.

Reynaud, C., Jaillard, É., Lapierre, H., Mamberti, M., and Mascle, G.H., 1999, Oceanic plateau and island arcs of southwestern Ecuador: Their place in the geodynamic evolution of northwestern South America: Tectonophysics, v. 307, p. 235-254.

Richards, M.A., Duncan, R.A., and Courtillot, V.E., 1989, Flood basalts and hot spot tracks: Plume heads and tails: Science, v. 246, p. 103-107.

Richards, M.A., Jones, D.L., Duncan, R.A., and De Paolo, D.J., 1991, A mantle plume initiation model for the Wrangellia flood basalt and other oceanic plateaus: Science, v. 254, p. 263-267.

Rivers, T., and Corrigan, D., 2000, Convergent margin on southeastern Laurentia during the Mesoproterozoic: Tectonic implications: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 37, p. 359-383.

Robertson, W.A., and Baragar, W.R.A., 1972, The petrology and paleomagnetism of the Coronation sills: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 9, no. 2, p. 123-140.

Rogers, J.J.W., and Giral, R.A., 1997, The Indian Shield, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 620-635.

Rohon, M.-L., Vialette, Y., Clark, T., Roger, G., Ohnenstetter, D., and Vidal , P., 1993, Aphebian mafic-ultramafic magmatism in the Labrador Trough (New Quebec): Its age and the nature of its mantle source: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 30, p. 1582-1593.

Romer, R.L., Schärer, U., Wardle, R.J., and Wilton, D.H.C., 1995, U-Pb age of the Seal Lake Group, Labrador: Relationship to Mesoproterozoic extension-related magmatism of Laurasia: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 32, p. 1401-1410.

Roscoe, S.M., and Card, K.D., 1993, The reappearance of the Huronian in Wyoming: rifting and drifting of ancient continents: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 30, p. 2475-2480.

Roscoe, S.M., Henderson, M.N., Hunt, P.A., and van Breemen, O., 1987, U-Pb zircon age of an alkaline granite body in the Booth River Instrusive Suite, N.W.T., in Radiogeneic Age and Isotopic Studies, Report 1: Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 87-2, p. 95-100.

Ross, G.M., and Eaton, D.W., 1997, Winagami reflection sequence: Seismic evidence for postcollisional magmatism in the Proterozoic of western Canada: Geology, v. 25, p. 199-202.

Ryzk, E.Y., Amelin, Y.V., Krymsky, R.S., Rizvanova, N.G., and Shalaev, V.S., 1999, The Late Neoproterozoic of Baikalian folding area (e. Siberia, Russia): Stages and evolution of crust formation (U-Pb and Sm-Nd isotope evidences): Journal of Conference Abstracts (Cambridge Publications), Abstract Volume of European Union of Geosciences meeting, EUG10, v. 4, p. 111.


S-T-U

Sandeman, H., Cousens, B., Peterson, T., Hemmingway, C., Davis, W., Hanmer, S., Tella, S., Ryan, J., and Aspler, L., 2000, Petrochemistry and Nd isotopic evolution of Proterozoic mafic rocks of the Western Churchill Province, Nunavut and their implications for the evolution of the lithospheric mantle: Calgary, Alberta, Canada, Millenium Geoscience Summit, GeoCanada2000 Abstract CD.

Saunders, A.D., Fitton, J.G., Kerr, A.C., Norry, M.J., and Kent, R.W., 1997, The North Atlantic Igneous Province, in Mahoney, J.J., and Coffin, M.F., eds., Large igneous provinces: Continental, oceanic, and planetary flood volcanism: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 100, p. 45-93.

Saunders, A.D., Tarney, J., Kerr, A.C., and Kent, R.W., 1996, The formation and fate of large oceanic igneous provinces: Lithos, v. 37, p. 81-95.

Schärer, U., Krogh, T.E., and Gower, C.F., 1986, Age and evolution of the Grenville Province in eastern Labrador from U-Pb systematics in accessory minerals: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 94, p. 438-451.

Schärer, U., Wilmart, E., and Jean-Clair, D., 1996, The short duration and anorogenic character of anorthosite magmatism: U-Pb dating of the Rogaland complex, Norway: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 139, p. 335-350.

Schmidt, P.W., 1980, Paleomagnetism of igneous rocks from the Belcher Islands, Northwest Territories, Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 17, p. 807-822.

Schmitz, M.D., Wirth, K.R., and Craddock, J.P., 1995, Major and trace element geochemistry of Early Proterozoic mafic dykes of northern Minnesota and southwestern Ontario, in Baer, G., and Heimann, A., eds., Physics and chemistry of dykes: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 219-233.

Schwarz, E.J., and Fujiwara, Y., 1981, Paleomagnetism of the Circum-Ungava fold belt- II: Proterozoic rocks of Richmond Gulf and Manitounuk islands, in Campbell, F.H.A., ed., Proterozoic basins in Canada: Geological Survey of Canada Paper 81-10, p. 255-267.

Scoates, R.F.J., 1990, The Fox River sill, northeastern Manitoba: A major stratiform intrusion: Manitoba Energy and Mines, Geological Report GR82-3, 192 p. (+ Map GR 81-1-1)

Scoates, R.F.J., and Eckstrand, O.R., 1986, Platinum-group elements in the upper central layered zone of the Fox River sill, northeastern Manitoba: Economic Geology, v. 81, p. 1137-1146.

Sebai, A., Féraud, G., Bertrand, H., and Hanes, J., 1991a, 40Ar/39Ar dating and geochemistry of tholeiitic magmatism related to the early opening of the Central Atlantic rift: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 104, p. 455-472.

Sebai, A., Zumbo, V., Féraud, G., Bertrand, H., Hussain, A. G., Giannérini, G., and Campredon, R., 1991b, 40Ar/39Ar dating of alkaline and tholeiitic magmatism of Saudi Arabia related to the early Red Sea rifting: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 104, p. 473-487.

Sekerin, A.P., Menshagin, Y.B., and Laschenov, V.A., 1991, Riphean mafic series of the Urik-Tumanshet zone of the Pri-Sayan area (in Russian): Sovetskaya Geologiya, no. 2, p. 58-64.

Sengör, A.M.C., 1995, Sedimentation and tectonics of fossil rifts, in Busby, C.J., and Ingersoll, R.V., eds., Tectonics of sedimentary basins: Oxford, Blackwell Science, p. 53-117.

Sharkov, E.V., and Smolkin, V.F., 1998, Palaeoproterozoic layered intrusions of the Russian part of the Fennoscandian Shield: A review: Transactions, Section B (Applied Earth Science), Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, v. 107, p. B23-B38.

Sharma, M., 1997, Siberian traps, in Mahoney, J.J., and Coffin, M.F., eds., Large igneous provinces: Continental, oceanic, and planetary flood volcanism: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 100, p. 273-295.

Sharpe, M.R., Bahat, D., and Von Gruenewaldt, G., 1981, The concentric elliptical structure of feeder sites to the Bushveld Complex and possible economic implications: Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, v. 84, p. 239-244.

Shastri, L.L., Chamberlain, K.R., and Bowring, S.A., 1991, Inherited zircon from circa 1.1 Ga mafic dikes, NW Arizona: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 23, no. 4, p. 93.

Sheppard, S., Tyler, I.M., Griffin, T.J., and Taylor, W.R., 1999, Palaeoproterozoic subduction-related and passive margin basalts in the Halls Creek orogen, northwest Australia: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 46, p. 679-690.

Sheraton, J.W., and Sun, S.-s., 1997, Mafic dyke swarms of the western Musgrave Block, central Australia: Their geochemistry, origin, and relationships to the Giles Complex: AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics, v. 16, no. 5, p. 621-636.

Sheraton, J.W., Thomson, J.W., and Collerson, K.D., 1987, Mafic dyke swarms of Antarctica, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 419-432.

Sheth, H.C., 1999, A historical approach to continental flood basalt volcanism: Insights into pre-volcanic rifting, sedimentation, and early alkaline magmatism: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 168, p. 19-26.

Sheth, H.C., 1999, Flood basalts and large igneous provinces from deep mantle plumes: fact, fiction and fallacy: Tectonophysics, v. 311, p. 1-29.

Shpount, B.R., and Oleinikov, B.V., 1987, A comparison of mafic dyke swarms from the Siberian and Russian platforms, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 379-383.

Sial, A.N., Oliveira, E.P., and Choudhuri, A., 1987, Mafic dyke swarms of Brazil, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 467-481.

Sidder, G.B., and Mendoza S.V., 1995, Geology of the Venezuelan Guayana Shield and its relation to the geology of the entire Guayana Shield, in Sidder, G.B., García, A.E., and Stoeser, J.W., eds., Geology and mineral deposits of the Venezuelan Guayana shield: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2124, p. B1-B41.

Silva, Z.C.G., and Balões, M.R., 1991, Precambrian dolerite dykes and their relationship to the Kunene Complex in southwest Angola, in International Symposium on Mafic Dykes: Extended Abstracts, São Paulo, Brazil, 3o Congresso Brasileira de Geoquímica --1o Congresso de Geoquímica dos Países de Língua Portuguesa p. 55-59.

Simpson, E.S.W., 1970, The anorthosite of southern Angola: A review of present data, in Clifford, T.N., and Gass, I.G., eds., African magmatism and tectonics: Edinburgh, Oliver and Boyd, p. 89-96.

Sivell, W.J., 1986, A basaltic-ferrobasaltic granulite association: Oonagalabi gneiss complex, Central Australia: Magmatic variation in an Early Proterozoic rift: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 93, p. 381-394.

Sivell, W.J., 1988, Geochemistry of metatholeiites from the Harts Range, central Australia: Implications for mantle source heterogeneity in a Proterozoic mobile belt: Precambrian Research, v. 40/41, p. 261-275.

Sklyarov, E.V., Gladkochub, D.P., Mazukabzov, A.M., Watanabe, T., and Ota, T., 1999, Breakup of Rodinia: Evidence from the southern margin of the Siberian craton: Journal of Conference Abstracts (Cambridge Publications), Abstract Volume of European Union of Geosciences meeting, EUG10, v. 4, p. 114.

Skulski, T., and Percival, J.A., 1996, Allochthonous 2.78 Ga oceanic plateau slivers in a 2.72 Ga continental arc sequence: Vizien greenstone belt, northeastern Superior Province, Canada: Lithos, v. 37, p. 163-179.

Skulski, T., Wares, R.P., and Smith, A.D., 1993, Early Proterozoic (1.88- 1.87 Ga) tholeiitic magmatism in the New Québec orogen: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 30, p. 1505-1520.

Smith, A.D., and Lewis, C., 1999, The planet beyond the plume hypothesis: Earth–Science Reviews, v. 48, p. 135-182.

Smith, C.H., Irvine, T.N., and Findlay, D.C., 1967, Geology, Muskox Intrusion, north sheet, District of Mackenzie: Geological Survey of Canada Map 1213A, scale 1:63 360.

Smith, H.S., 1990, Early Precambrian basic rocks of Africa, in Hall, R.P., and Hughes, D.J., eds., Early Precambrian basic magmatism: New York, Chapman and Hall, p. 352-378.

Smith, M., 1994, Stratigraphic and structural constraints on mechanisms of active rifting in the Gregory Rift, Kenya: Tectonophysics, v. 236, p. 3-22.

Smolkin, V.F., 1997, The Paleoproterozoic (2.5 - 1.7 Ga) Midcontinent rift system of the northeastern Fennoscandian Shield, in Bornhorst, T.J., ed., Petrology and metallogeny of intraplate mafic and ultramafic magmatism: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 34, p. 426-443.

Smythe, D.K., Russell, M.J., and Skuce, A.G., 1995, Intra-continental rifting inferred from the major late Carboniferous quartz-dolerite dyke swarm of NW Europe: Scottish Journal of Geology, v. 31, p. 151-162.

Snyder, G.L., 1984, Explanation for preliminary geologic maps of the central Laramie Mountains, Albany and Platte counties, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-358, 15 p.

Snyder, G.L., Hughes, D.J., Hall, R.P., and Ludwig, K.R., 1989, Distribution of Precambrian mafic intrusives penetrating some Archean rocks of western North America: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-125, 36 p.

Sochevanov, N.N., Arestova, N.A., Matrenichev, V.A., Lobach-Zhuchenko, S.B., and Guseva, V.F., 1991, The first data on the Sm-Nd age of Archaean basalts from the Karelian geniss-greenstone terrain: Doklady Akademiia Nauk SSSR, v. 318, p. 175-180.

Solyom, Z., Andreasson, P.G., and Johansson, I., 1985, Petrochemistry of Late Proterozoic rift volcanism in Scandinavia: Mafic dyke swarms in constructive and abortive arms, in International Conference, Mafic Dyke Swarms: University of Toronto, Erindale Campus, Canada, Abstracts, p. 164-171.

Sorjonen-Ward, P., Nironen, M., and Luukkonen, E., 1997, Greenstone associations in Finland, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 677-698.

Soviet Union, Ministerstvo geologii, 1976, Geological maps of the USSR (new series), map of pre-Quaternary formations, O-46, (47) (Krasnoyarsk), scale 1,000,000 (in Russian), 1 sheet.

Southwick, D.L., and Day, W.C. 1983, Geology and petrology of Proterozoic mafic dikes, north-central Minnesota and western Ontario: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 20, p. 622-638.

Speight, J.M., Skelhorn, R.R., Sloan, T., and Knaap, R.J., 1982, The dyke swarms of Scotland, in Sutherland, D.S., ed., Igneous rocks of the British Isles: New York, John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., p. 449-459.

Sproule, R.A., Lambert, D.D., and Hoatson, D.M., 1999, Re-Os isotopic constraints on the genesis of the Sally Malay Ni-Cu-Co deposit, East Kimberley, Western Australia: Lithos, v. 47, p. 89-106.

St. Seymour, K., and Kumarapeli, P.S., 1995, Geochemistry of the Grenville dyke swarm: Role of plume-source mantle in magma genesis: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 120, p. 29-41.

Stein, M., and Goldstein, S.L., 1996, From plume head to continental lithosphere in the Arabian-Nubian shield: Nature, v. 382, p. 773-778.

Stern, R.A., Syme, E.C., and Lucas, S.B., 1995, Geochemistry of 1.9 Ga MORB- and OIB-like basalts from the Amisk collage, Flin Flon Belt, Canada: Evidence for an intra-oceanic origin: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 59, p. 3131-3154.

Stewart, A.J., and Blake, D.H., 1992, Detailed studies of the Mount Isa Inlier: Australian Geological Survey Organisation Bulletin, v. 243, p. 374.

Stewart, K., Turner, S., Kelley, S., Hawkesworth, C., Kirstein, L., and Mantovani, M., 1996, 3-D, 40Ar-39Ar geochronology in the Paraná continental flood basalt province: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 143, p. 95-109.

St-Onge, M.R., Lucas, S.B., and Scott, D.J., 1997, The Ungava orogen and the Cape Smith thrust belt, in De Wit, M., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 772-780.

St-Onge, M.R., Scott, D.J., and Lucas, S.B., 2000, Early partitioning of Quebec: Microcontinent formation in the Paleoproterozoic: Geology, v. 28, p. 323-326.

Storey, B.C., 1995, The role of mantle plumes in continental breakup: Case histories from Gondwanaland: Nature, v. 377, p. 301-308.

Storey, B.C., and Kyle, P.R., 1997, An active mantle mechanism for Gondwana breakup, in Hatton, C.J., ed., Special Issue on the Proceedings of the Plumes, Plates and Mineralisation '97 Symposium: South African Journal of Geology, v. 100, no. 4, p. 283-290.

Storey, B.C., Leat, P.T., Weaver, S.D., Pankhurst, R.J., Bradshaw, J.D., and Kelley, S., 1999, Mantle plumes and Antarctica–New Zealand rifting: Evidence from mid-Cretaceous mafic dykes: Journal of the Geological Society, London, v. 156, p. 659-671.

Storey, M., Mahoney, J.J., and Saunders, A.D., 1997, Cretaceous basalts in Madagascar and the transition between plume and continental lithosphere mantle sources, in Mahoney, J.J., and Coffin, M.F., eds., Large igneous provinces: Continental, oceanic, and planetary flood volcanism: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 100, p. 95-122.

Storey, M., Mahoney, J.J., Saunders, A.D., Duncan, R.A., Kelley, S.P., and Coffin, M. F., 1995, Timing of hot spot-related volcanism and the breakup of Madagascar and India: Science, v. 267, p. 852-855.

Stott, G.M., 1997, The Superior Province, Canada, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 480-507.

Stuart-Smith, P.G., and Ferguson, J., 1978, The Oenpelli dolerite: A Precambrian continental tholeiitic suite from the Northern Territory, Australia: BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics, v. 3, p. 125-133.

Stubbs, H.M., Hall, R.P., Hughes, D.J., and Nesbitt, R.W., 1999, Evidence for a high Mg andesitic parental magma to the East and West satellite dykes of the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe: A comparison with the continental tholeiitic Mashonaland sills: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 28, no. 2, p. 325-336.

Suita, M.T.F., Kamo, S.L., Krogh, T.E., Fyfe, W.S., and Hartmann, L.A., 1994, U-Pb ages from the high-grade Barro Alto mafic-ultramafic complex (Goiás, central Brazil): Middle Proterozoic continental mafic magmatism and Upper Proterozoic continental collision, in Lanphere, M.A., Dalrymple, G.B., and Turrin, B.D., eds., Eighth International Conference on Geochronology, Cosmochronology and Isotope Geology, Program with Abstracts (Berkeley, California): U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1107, p. 309.

Summers, M.A., Hall, R.P., Hughes, D.J., Nesbitt, R.W., and Snyder, G.L., 1995, The Tony Ridge zoned ultramafic dyke, Wyoming, USA: Preliminary geochemical results, in Baer, G., and Heimann, A., eds., Physics and chemistry of dykes: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 193-204.

Sun, S.-s., 1997, Chemical and isotopic features of Palaeoproterozoic mafic igneous rocks of Australia: Implications for tectonic processes, in Rutland, R. W.R., and Drummond, B.J., eds., Palaeoproterozoic tectonics and metallogenesis: Comparative analysis of parts of the Australian and Fennoscandian Shields: Australian Geological Survey Organization Record 1997/44, p. 119-122.

Sun, S.-s., and Hoatson, D.M., 1992, Chemical and isotopic characteristics of parent magmas of the west Pilbara layered intrusions: Implications for petrogenesis, magma mixing and PGE mineralisation in layered intrusions, in Hoatson, D.M. et al., eds., Petrology and platinum-group-element geochemistry of Archaean layered mafic-ultramafic intrusions, West Pilbara Block, Western Australia: Australian Geological Survey Organisation Bulletin, v. 242, p. 141-149.

Sun, S.-s., Sheraton, J.W., Glikson, A.Y., and Stewart, A.J., 1996, A major magmatic event during 1050-1080 Ma in central Australia, and an emplacement age for the Giles Complex: Australian Geological Survey Organization Research Newsletter, v. 24, p. 13-15.

Suominen, V., 1991, The chronostratigraphy of southwestern Finland with special reference to Postjotnian and Subjotnian diabases: Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 356, 105 p.

Sutherland, F.L., 1998, Origin of north Queensland Cenozoic volcanism: Relationships to long lava flow basaltic fields, Australia: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 103, p. 27347-27358.

Svenningsen, O.M., 1999, Onset of seafloor spreading in the Iapetus ocean: Precise age of the Sarek dyke swarm, northern Swedish Caledonides: Journal of Conference Abstracts (Cambridge Publications), Abstract Volume of European Union of Geosciences meeting, EUG10, v. 4, p. 121.

Takin, M., 1966, An interpretation of the positive gravity anomaly over Bombay on the west coast of India: Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 11, p. 527-537.

Tanaka, H., and Idnurm, M., 1994, Palaeomagnetism of Proterozoic mafic intrusions and host rocks of the Mount Isa Inlier, Australia: Revisited: Precambrian Research, v. 69, p. 241-258.

Tankard, A.J., Jackson, M.P.A., Eriksson, K.A., Hobday, D.K., Hunter, D.R., and Minter, W.E.L., 1982, Crustal evolution of southern Africa: New York, Springer-Verlag, 523 p.

Tarduno, J.A., Brinkman, D.B., Renne, P.R., Cottrell, R.D., Scher, H., and Castillo, P., 1998, Late Cretaceous Arctic volcanism: Tectonic and climatic consequences (abstract): American Geophysical Union 1998 Spring Meeting, p. S63.

Tardy, M., and Lapierre, H., 1999, The Cache Creek terrane (CCT) - Canadian Cordillera: Remnant of a Permo-Triassic oceanic plateau: Journal of Conference Abstracts (Cambridge Publications), Abstract Volume of European Union of Geosciences meeting, EUG10, v. 4, p. 343.

Tassinari, C.C.G., 1997, The Amazonian Craton, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 558-566.

Teixeira, W., 1990, The Proterozoic mafic dyke swarms and alkaline intrusions in the Amazonian Craton, South America, and their tectonic evolution based on Rb-Sr, K-Ar and 40Ar-39Ar geochronology, in Parker, A.J., Rickwood, P.C., and Tucker, D.H., eds., Mafic dykes and emplacement mechanisms: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 285-293.

Teixeira, W., Renne, P.R., Bossi, J., Campal, N., and D'Agrella Filho, M.S., 1999, 40Ar-39Ar and Rb-Sr geochronology of the Uruguayan dike swarm, Rio de la Plata Craton and implications for Proterozoic intraplate activity in Western Gondwana: Precambrian Research, v. 93, p. 153-180.

Teklay, M., Kröner, A., and Mezger, K., 1999, Palaeo-oceanic plateau in the southern Arabian -Nubian shield: implications for Neoproterozoic crust formation: Journal of Conference Abstracts (Cambridge Publications), Abstract Volume of European Union of Geosciences meeting, EUG10, v. 4, p. 346.

Tella, S., Davis, W., Berman, R.G., Stern, R., and LeCheminant, A.N., 1997, Tectonothermal history of the MacQuoid Lake supracrustal belt, District of Keewatin, Northwest Territories, Canada: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 29, no. 6, p. A277- A278.

Thibaut, P.M., 1982, Carte Géologique du Haut Zaïre et du Nord Kivu (in French): Républic du Zaïre, Département des Mines, Service Géologique, scale 1:500 000.

Thompson, R.N., and Gibson, S.A., 1991, Subcontinental mantle plumes, hotspots and pre-existing thinspots: Journal of the Geological Society, London, v. 148, p. 973-977.

Todt, W., Chauvel, C., Arndt, N., and Hofmann, A.W., 1984, Pb isotopic composition and age of Proterozoic komatiites and related rocks from Canada: Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, v. 65, p. 1129.

Tolan, T.L., Reidel, S.P., Beeson, M.H., Anderson, J.L., Fecht, K.R., and Swanson, D.A., 1989, Revisions to the estimates of the areal extent and volume of the Columbia River Basalt Group, in Reidel, S.P., and Hooper, P.R., eds., Volcanism and tectonism in the Columbia River Flood-Basalt Province: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America Special Paper 239, p. 1-20.

Tomlinson, K.Y., 1996, The geochemistry and tectonic setting of early Precambrian greenstone belts, Northern Ontario, Canada [Ph.D. thesis]: University of Portsmouth, UK, 287 p.

Tomlinson, K.Y., Hughes, D.J., Thurston, P.C., and Hall, R.P., 1999, Plume magmatism and crustal growth at 2.9 to 3.0 Ga in the Steep Rock and Lumby Lake area, Western Superior Province: Lithos, v. 46, p. 103-136.

Tomlinson, K.Y., Stevenson, R.K., Hughes, D.J., Hall, R.P., Thurston, P.C., and Henry, P., 1998, The Red Lake greenstone belt, Superior Province: Evidence of plume-related magmatism at 3 Ga and evidence of an older enriched source: Precambrian Research, v. 89, p. 59-76.

Tomshin, M.D., Okrugin, A.V., Savvinov, V.T., and Shakhot'ko, L.I., 1997, The Ebe-Khaya dike belt of trachydolerites in the north of the Siberian platform: Russian Geology and Geophysics, v. 38, p. 1511-1520.

Torsvik, T.H., Ashwal, L.D., Tucker, B.D., de Wit, M.J., and Eide, E.A., 1999, Geochronology and palaeomagnetism of Seychelles dykes: Implications for Rodinia supercontinent paleogeography: Journal of Conference Abstracts (Cambridge Publications), Abstract Volume of European Union of Geosciences meeting, EUG10, v. 4, p. 116.

Toteu, S.F., Michard, A., Bertrand, J.M., and Rocci, G., 1987, U/Pb dating of Precambrian rocks from Northern Cameroon, orogenic evolution and chronology of the Pan-African belt of Central Africa: Precambrian Research, v. 37, p. 71-87.

Trendall, A.F., Compston, W., Williams, I., Armstrong, R.A., Arndt, N.T., McNaughton, N.J., Nelson, D.R., Barley, M.E., Beukes, N.J., de Laeter, J.R., Retief, E.A., and Thorne, A.M., 1990, Precise zircon U-Pb chronological comparison of the volcano-sedimentary sequences of the Kaapvaal and Pilbara Cratons between about 3.1 and 2.4 Ga, in Glover, J.E., and Ho, S.E., eds., Third International Archaean Symposium, Perth 1990, Extended Abstract Volume Geoconferences (W.A.): Perth, p. 81-83.

Trzcienski, W.E., Jr., and Verpaelst, P., 1999, The Lac de Doré area mafic dikes, possible kindred magmas to Quebec, eastern Grenville massif anorthosites: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 1998 Annual meeting, v. 30, no. 7, p. A292.

Tucker, D.H., and Boyd, D.M., 1987, Dykes of Australia detected by airborne magnetic surveys, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 163-172.

Turek, A., Smith, P.E., and Van Schmus, W.R., 1982, Rb-Sr and U-Pb ages of volcanism and granite emplacement in the Michipicoten belt – Wawa, Ontario: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 19, p. 1608-1626.

Tyler, I.M., Pirajno, F., Bagas, L., Myers, J.S., and Preston, W.A., 1998, The geology and mineral deposits of the Proterozoic in Western Australia: AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics, v. 17, no. 3, p. 223-244.

Uhlein, A., Trompette, R.R., and Egydio-Silva, M., 1998, Proterozoic rifting and closure, SE border of the São Francisco Craton, Brazil: Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 11, no. 2, p. 191-203.

Uken, R., and Watkeys, M.K., 1997, An interpretation of mafic dyke swarms and their relationship with major mafic magmatic events on the Kaapvaal Craton and Limpopo Belt, in Hatton, C.J., ed., Special Issue on the Proceedings of the Plumes, Plates and Mineralisation '97 Symposium: South African Journal of Geology, v. 100, no. 4, p. 341-348.

Upton, B.G.J., and Emeleus, C.H., 1987, Mid-Protorozoic alkaline magmatism in southern Greenland: The Gardar province, in Fitton, J.G., and Upton, B.G.J., eds., Alkaline igneous rocks: Geological Society [London] Special Publication 30, p. 449-471.

Upton, B.G J., Fitton, J.G., Smedley, P.L., and Wallis, S.M., 1999, Carboniferous-Permian intra-plate volcanism in the northern and western parts of the British Isles: Journal of Conference Abstracts (Cambridge Publications), Abstract Volume of European Union of Geosciences meeting, EUG10, v. 4, p. 291.

Upton, B.G.J., Parson, I., Emeleus, C.H., and Hodson, M.E., 1996, Layered alkaline igneous rocks of the Gardar province, South Greenland, in Cawthorn, R.G., ed., Layered intrusions: Amsterdam, Elsevier, p. 331-363.


V-W-X-Y-Z

Vaasjoki, M., Rämo, O.T., and Sakko, M., 1991, New U-Pb ages from the Wilborg rapakivi area: Constraints on the temporal evolution of the rapakivi granite—anorthosite—diabase dyke association of southeastern Finland: Precambrian Research, v. 51, p. 227-243.

Vaasjoki, M., and Sakko, M., 1989, The radiometric age of the Virmaila diabase dyke: Evidence for 20 Ma of continental rifting in Padasjoki, southern Finland, in Autio, S., ed., Current Research 1988: Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 10, p. 43-44.

Vail, J.R., 1974a, Geological Map, The Democratic Republic of Sudan and adjacent areas, North Sheet: Directorate of Overseas Surveys Map no. 1203A, scale 1:2 000 000.

Vail, J. R., 1974b, Geological Map, The Democratic Republic of Sudan and Adjacent Areas, South Sheet: Directorate of Overseas Surveys Map no. 1203B, scale 1:2 000 000.

Vail, J.R., 1978, Outline of the geology and mineral deposits of the Democratic Republic of the Sudan and adjacent areas: Overseas Geology and Mineral Resources, no. 49 (includes maps 1203A and 1203B), p. 1-68.

Van Schmus, W.R., 1992, Tectonic setting of the Midcontinent Rift System: Tectonophysics, v. 213, p. 1-15.

Veevers, J.J., 1984, Phanerozoic earth history of Australia: Oxford Geological Sciences Series No. 2, Clarendon Press, p. 418.

Vidal, P., Blais, S., Jahn, B.M., Capdevila, R., and Tilton, G.R., 1980, U-Pb and Rb-Sr systematics of the Suomussalmi Archean greenstone belt (Eastern Finland): Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 44, p. 2033-2044.

Vietor, T., and Weber, K., 1999, Orientation and density distribution of Cretaceous dikes in central Namibia from high resolution aeromagnetics: Journal of Conference Abstracts (Cambridge Publications), Abstract Volume of European Union of Geosciences meeting, EUG10, v. 4, p. 347.

Villeneuve, M.E., 1993, Preliminary geochronological results from the Winter Lake–Lac de Gras Slave Province NATMAP project, Northwest Territories: Radiogenic age and istoopic studies, Report 7: Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 93-2, p. 29-38.

Vinyu, M.L., Hanson, R.E., Martin, M.W., Bowring, S.A., Jelsma, H.A., Krol, M.A. Dirks, P.H.G.M., 1999, U-Pb and 40Ar/39Ar geochronological constraints on the tectonic evolution of the easternmost part of the Zambezi orogenic belt, northeast Zimbabwe: Precambrian Research, v. 98, p. 67-82.

Vogel, D.C., James, R.S., and Keays, R.R., 1998a, The early tectono-magmatic evolution of the Southern Province: Implications from the Agnew Intrusion, central Ontario, Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 35, p. 854-870.

Vogel, D.C., and Keays, R.R., 1997, The petrogenesis and platinum-group element geochemistry of the Newer Volcanic Province, Victoria, Australia: Chemical Geology, v. 136, p. 181-204.

Vogel, D.C., Keays, R.R., James, R.S., and Reeves, S.J., 1999, The geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Agnew intrusion, Canada: A product of S-undersaturated, high-Al and low-Ti tholeiitic magmas: Journal of Petrology, v. 40, no. 3, p. 423-450.

Vogel, D.C., Vuollo, J.I., Alapieti, T.T., and James, R.S., 1998b, Tectonic, stratigraphic, and geochemical comparisons between circa 2500-2440 Ma mafic igneous events in the Canadian and Fennoscandian Shields: Precambrian Research, v. 92, p. 89-116.

Vuollo, J., 1994, Palaeoproterozoic basic igneous events in eastern Fennoscandian shield between 2.45 and 1.97 Ga studied by means of mafic dyke swarms and ophiolites in Finland (and accompanying map) [Ph.D. thesis]: Oulu, Finland, University of Oulu (Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series A, Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 250).

Vuollo, J.I., Nykänen, V.M., Liipo, J.P., and Piirainen, T.A., 1995, Palaeoproterozoic mafic dyke swarms in the Eastern Fennoscandian Shield, Finland: A review, in Baer, G., and Heimann, A., eds., Physics and chemistry of dykes: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 179-192.

Wahlgren, C.-H., Heaman, L.M., Kamo, S., and Ingvald, E., 1996, U-Pb baddeleyite dating of dolerite dykes in the eastern part of the Sveconorwegian orogen, south-central Sweden: Precambrian Research, v. 79, p. 227-237.

Walraven, F., Armstrong, R.A., and Kruger, F.J., 1990, A chronostratigraphic framework for the north-central Kaapvaal Craton, the Bushveld Complex and the Vredefort structure: Tectonophysics, v. 171, p. 23-48.

Wang, Q., Schiøtte, L., and Campbell, I.H., 1996, Geochronological constraints on the age of komatiites and nickel mineralisation in the Lake Johnston greenstone belt, Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 43, p. 381-385.

Weaver, B.L., Tarney, J., Windley, B.F., and Leake, B.E., 1982, Geochemistry and petrogenesis of Archean metavolcanic amphibolites from Fiskenaesset, S.W. Greenland: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 46, p. 2203-2215.

Wells, M.K., 1962, Structure and petrology of the Freetown layered basic complex of Sierra Leone: Overseas Geology and Mineral Resources Supplement Series, Bulletin Supplement No. 4, 115 p.

West, G.F., and Ernst, R.E., 1991, Evidence from aeromagnetics on the configuration of Matachewan dykes and the tectonic evolution of the Kapuskasing Structural Zone, Ontario, Canada: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 28, p. 1797-1811.

White, R.S., 1997, Mantle plume origin for the Karoo and Ventersdorp flood basalts, South Africa, in, Hatton, C.J., ed., Special Issue on the Proceedings of the Plumes, Plates and Mineralisation '97 Symposium: South African Journal of Geology, v. 100, p. 271-282.

White, R.S., and McKenzie, D., 1989, Magmatism at rift zones: The generation of volcanic continental margins and flood basalts: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 94, p. 7685-7729.

Wilks, M.E., and Harper, G.D., 1997, Wind River Range, Wyoming Craton, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L.D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 508-516.

Williams, I.R. and Trendall, A.F., 1998, Geology of the Isabella: Western Geological Survey, 1:100 000 Geological Series, Explanatory Notes, 24 p.

Wilson, A.H., 1996, The Great Dyke of Zimbabwe, in Cawthorn, R.G., ed., Layered intrusions: Amsterdam, Elsevier, p. 365-402.

Wilson, A.H., and Carlson, R.W., 1989, A Sm-Nd and Pb isotope study of Archaean greenstone belts in the southern Kaapvaal craton, South Africa: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 96, p. 89-105.

Wilson, A.H., and Prendergast, M.D., 1989, The Great Dyke of Zimbabwe- I. Tectonic setting, stratigraphy, petrology, structure, emplacement and crystallization, in Prendergast, M.D., and Jones, M.J., eds., Magmatic Sulphides, Zimbabwe volume: The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, p. 3-20.

Wilson, A.H., and Versfeld, J.A., 1994, The early Archaean Nondweni greenstone belt, soutern Kaapvaal Craton, South Africa, Part II. Characteristics of the volcanic rocks and constraints on magma genesis: Precambrian Research, v. 67, p. 277-320.

Wilson, J.F., 1990, A craton and its cracks: Some of the behaviour of the Zimbabwe block from the Late Archean to the Mesozoic in response to horizontal movements, and the significance of some of its mafic dyke fracture patterns: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 10, p. 483-501.

Wilson, J.F., Jones, D.L., and Kramers, J.D., 1987, Mafic dyke swarms in Zimbabwe, in Halls, H.C., and Fahrig, W.F., eds., Mafic dyke swarms: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 34, p. 433-444.

Wilson, J.R., Robins, B., Nielsen, F.M., Duchesne, J.C., and Vander Auwera, J., 1996, The Bjerkreim-Sokndal layered intrusion, southwest Norway, in Cawthorn, R.G., ed., Layered intrusions: Amsterdam, Elsevier, p. 231-255.

Wilson, M., and Guiraud, R., 1998, Late Permian to Recent magmatic activity on the African-Arabian margin of Tethys, in Macgregor, D.S., Moody, R.T.J., and Clark-Lowes, D.D., eds., Petroleum geology of North Africa: Geological Society [London] Special Publication 132, p. 231-263.

Wilson, M., and Lyashkevich, Z.M., 1996, Magmatism and the geodynamics of rifting of the Pripyat-Dnieper-Donets rift, East European Platform: Tectonophysics, v. 268, p. 65-81.

Windom, K.E., Van Schmus, W.R., Seifert, K.E., Wallin, E.T., and Anderson, R.R., 1993, Archean and Proterozic tectono-magmatic activity along the southern margin of the Superior Province in northwestern Iowa, United States: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 30, p. 1275-1285.

Wingate, M.T.D., 1998, A paleomagnetic test of the Kaapvaal - Pilbara (Vaalbara) connection at 2.78 Ga: South African Journal of Geology, v. 101, no. 4, p. 257-274.

Wingate, M.T.D., 1999, Ion microprobe baddeleyite and zircon ages for Late Archaean mafic dykes of the Pilbara Craton, Western Australia: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 46, p. 493-500.

Wingate, M.T.D., 2001, Ion microprobe U-Pb zircon and baddeleyite ages for the Great Dyke and its satellite dykes, Zimbabwe: South African Journal of Geology (in press).

Wingate, M.T.D., Campbell, I.H., Compston, W., and Gibson, G.M., 1998, Ion microprobe U-Pb ages for Neoproterozoic basaltic magmatism in south-central Australia and implications for the breakup of Rodinia: Precambrian Research, v. 87, p. 135-159.

Wingate, M.T.D., Campbell, I.H., and Harris, L.B., 2000, SHRIMP baddeleyite age for the Fraser dyke swarm, southeast Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 47, no. 2, p. 309-313.

Wingate, M.T.D., and Giddings, J.W., 2000, Age and palaeomagnetism of the Mundine Well dyke swarm, Western Australia: Implications for an Australia - Laurentia connection at 755 Ma: Precambrian Research, v. 100, p. 335-357.

Wirth, K.R., Oliveira, E.P., Silva Sá, J.H., and Tarney, J., 1990, Early Precambrian basic rocks of South America, in Hall, R.P., and Hughes, D.J., eds., Early Precambrian basic magmatism: New York, Chapman and Hall, p. 379-404.

Wirth, K.R., and Vervoort, J.D., 1995, Nd isotopic constraints on mantle and crustal contributions to early Proterozoic dykes of the southern Superior Province, in Baer, G., and Heimann, A., eds., Physics and chemistry of dykes: Rotterdam, Balkema, p. 237-249.

Wirth, K.R., Vervoort, J.D., and Heaman, L.M., 1995, Nd isotopic constraints on mantle and crustal contributions to 2.08 Ga diabase dykes of the southern Superior province, in Third International Dyke Conference, Jerusalem, Israel, Program and Abstracts: Geological Survey of Israel, Israel Geological Society, Hebrew University (Jerusalem) and Ben Gurion University of the Negev (Be’er Sheva), p. 84.

Withnall, I.W., Bain, J.H.C., and Rubenach, M.J., 1980, The Precambrian geology of Northeastern Queensland, in Henderson, R.A., and Stephenson, P.J., eds., The geology and geophysics of northeastern Australia: Queensland Division, Brisbane, Geological Society of Australia, p. 109-127.

Wyman, D.A., 1999, A 2.7 Ga depleted tholeiite suite: Evidence of plume-arc interaction in the Abitibi greenstone belt, Canada: Precambrian Research, v. 97, p. 27-42.

Xie, Q., 1996, Trace element systematics of mafic-ultramafic volcanic rocks from the Archean Abitibi greenstone belt, Canada: Implications for chemical evolution of the mantle and Archean greenstone belt development [Ph.D. thesis]: Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, University of Saskatchewan, 222 p.

Xie, Q., Kerrich, R., and Fan, J., 1993, HFSE/REE fractionations recorded in the three komatiite-basalt sequences, Archean Abitibi belt: Implications for multiple plume sources and depth: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 57, p. 4111-4118.

Yale, L.B., and Carpenter, S.J., 1998, Large igneous provinces and giant dike swarms: Proxies for supercontinent cyclicity and mantle convection: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 163, p. 109-122.

Yan-Zhin-Shin, V.A., 1983, Tectonics of the Sette-Daban horst anticlinorium (in Russian): Yakutsk, Academy of Sciences Press, 156 p.

Yegorov, D., and Bayanova, T., 1999, Start of the dike intrusion and banded iron formation genesis on the Kola Peninsula (Baltic Shield): Proterozoic or Archaean?: Journal of Conference Abstracts (Cambridge Publications), Abstract Volume of European Union of Geosciences meeting, EUG10, v. 4, p. 134.

Yuehua, Y., and Wang, E., 1997, North China Craton, in de Wit, M.J., and Ashwal, L. D., eds., Greenstone belts: Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 730-735.

Zartman, R.E., Nicholson, S.W., Cannon, W.F., and Morey, G.B., 1997, U-Th-Pb zircon ages of some Keweenawan Supergroup rocks from the south shore of Lake Superior, in Bornhorst, T.J., ed., Petrology and metallogeny of intraplate mafic and ultramafic magmatism: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 34, p. 549-561.

Zeck, H.P., and Willadsen, K., 1990, The circa 1500 Ma Värmland Hyperite Suite, southwest Sweden: Petrography, magma chemistry and metasomatic changes of a series of partly recrystallized gabbroic intrusions, in Gower, C.F., Rivers, T., and Ryan, B., eds., Mid-Proterozoic Laurentia-Baltica: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper 38, p. 461-470.

Zhai, Y., Halls, H.C., and Bates, M.P., 1994, Multiple episodes of dike emplacement along the northwestern margin of the Superior Province, Manitoba: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 99, p. 21717-21732.

Zhang Yunxiang, Luo Yaonan, and Yang Chongxi, eds., 1990, Panxi rift and its geodynamics: Beijing, China, Geological Publishing House, [translated from Panzhihuan Xichang Rift in China (in Chinese), Geological Memoirs, Ministry of Geology and Mineral Resources, People’s Republic of China, Series 5, no. 5, 1988], 415 p.

Zhang, Z.C., Guo, Z.J., and Liu, S.W., 1996, The geochemical characteristics and tectonic significance of the mafic dyke swarm in the Kurktag, Xing Jiang (in Chinese), in Collected Work of International Symposium on Geological Sciences: Beijing, Seismological Press, p. 124-131.

Zhao, G., Wilde, S.A., Cawood, P.A., and Lu, L., 1999, Thermal evolution of two textural types of mafic granulites in the North China craton: Evidence for both mantle plume and collisional tectonics: Geological Magazine, v. 136, no. 3, p. 223-240.

Zhao, J.-X., and McCulloch, M.T., 1993, Sm-Nd mineral isochron ages of Late Proterozoic dyke swarms in Australia: Evidence for two distinctive events of mafic magmatism and crustal extension: Chemical Geology (Isotope Geosciences Section), v. 109, p. 341-354.

Zhao, J.-Y., McCulloch, M.T., and Korsch, R.J., 1994, Characterization of a plume-related ~800 Ma magmatic event and its implications for basin formation in central-southern Australia: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 121, p. 349-367.

Zoback, M.L., McKee, E.H., Blakely, R.J., and Thompson, G.A., 1994, The northern Nevada rift: Regional tectono-magmatic relations and Middle Miocene stress direction: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 106, p. 371-382.